Dale Kunkel: Power in Art

Christian Religious Art Of Jesus - Kingdom Of Heaven - Dale Kunkel

Christian Religious Art Of Jesus – Kingdom Of Heaven – Dale Kunkel

There are lots of power symbols in this picture. Lion the king, red flags, knights on horses and castle towers in the back and some crosses – symbols of God. Power element seems a bit over used, but I like it. I were looking for power in art at google, and  found this. See more of Dale’s art at Dalekunkeldeerart.com

Modern symbolics of power

Visit Alpha Male Tribe on Facebook >>


Christian Religious Art Of Jesus - Kingdom Of Heaven - Dale Kunkel

Christian Religious Art Of Jesus – Kingdom Of Heaven – Dale Kunkel

There are lots of power symbols in this picture. Lion the king, red flags, knights on horses and castle towers in the back and some crosses – symbols of God. Power element seems a bit over used, but I like it. I were looking for power in art at google, and  found this. See more of Dale’s art at Dalekunkeldeerart.com

Modern symbolics of power

Visit Alpha Male Tribe on Facebook >>

How to shoot powerful family portraits

24 Absolutely Creative Family Portraits You Can Shoot

By . Filed in Inspiration
Of all the memories we all hold on to, the ones we never learn to let go of are those of our family. They are the people who are there for you from Day 1, there by your side through your cuts and bruises, trials and triumphs. But there comes a day when we have to be independent, stand on our own two feet and move out of the nest, either for studies or for work or to build our own family.
Before leaving, why not make an awesome family portrait that will remind everyone that they are always in your heart. creative family portrait
(Image Source: HANNA MAC) While the regular family portrait is probably good enough, you certainly want to do something that is out of the ordinary, one that will easily crack a smile when it is looked at, or one that even nana will proudly show off to her bingo buddies. To inspire you to make really special family portraits, we have prepared 24 awesome family portraits shot by photographers with an intriguing view of things. If you are the kind who never says no to family, you’ll probably enjoy this post as much as I did making it. Recommended Reading: 5 Clever Ideas For Great Group Photos Bold Family Portrait. Isn’t this family portrait too badass? Brace yourself, the request for your photo studio’s name from your friends and relatives are coming. (Image Source: Chris Nicholas, Matt Power, Becki Peckham)
bold family portrait Bri, Joel & Indy. I’m amazed at how an impression could drastically change by just holding the photo frame in non-traditional way, and Kevin N. Murphy executed the idea perfectly. (Image Source: Kevin N. Murphy) bri, joel, indy Coming Soon. Wanna take a family portrait even though the blessed one is still in the womb? A clever combination of vector shape and vibrant typography will do! (Image Source: HANNA MAC) coming soon Composite Family Portrait. A magic trick performed by Erick Christian! This is the portrait that will make visitors keep asking you how did you do it, whenever they visit. (Image Source: Erik Christian Photography) composite family portrait FAMILY. Family, a word that describes the most precious thing in the world. (Image Source:Marianne Wiest Photography) family Family Dog. This is a fun way to put the family pet into the picture. Well, it’s funny for everyone except dad, I guess. (Image Source: Jonne Seijdel) family dog Family Gallery. A father holding a portrait of mother holding a portrait of daughter, I just love this inception-inspired trick! (Image Source: Jaroslav Francisko) family gallery Family of Dark Side. Spice up generic poses with iconic masks and be boring no more. The Dark Side has never looked so warm. (Image Source: Kessler Fotos) family of dark side Family Ties. You just want to stare at this photo and think about how genuinely beautiful this idea is. It’s a must-shoot for the family! (Image Source: Beco G. Photography) family ties Happy Father’s Day. A bit off-topic, but this is a wonderful shot for fathers with lots of angels (at least until they turn 16) in the house. Kiss attack! (Image Source: jwlphotography) happy fathers day Happy Feet. It doesn’t require clear faces to make the portrait lovely, just a lovely family and their feet! (Image Source: Lumoid) happy feet Inception. Your family lives inside of.. you? (Image Source: Ilyas Guertili) inception Inside Barber Shop. Sync the get-ups and leave the studio! With this kind of vibe going on, this family really rocked the barber shop. (Image Source: Dave Brosha) inside barber shop Levitation. There are portraits that are larger than life, then there are those which are ‘lighter’ than life. Grab that kid before he floats off! (Image Source: Ansarov Studios) levitation Mommy, Daddy, Me and Little Sister. Kisses all around for the family. (Image Source: WNCY) mommy, daddy, me and little sister My Family and I. They all sure look alike, and the progression emphasizes their similarities.(Image Source: Martin Bennett) my family and i Our Family Portrait. Remember to take your camera into the family portrait as well; to most of us photographers, we treat it like a son anyways! The scene, the idea, I enjoy everything Capa12 has taken in this photo. (Image Source: Capa12) our family portrait Parallel World. Ever thinking about shooting 2 creative family portraits into 1? This is one unique way, well executed by Roberta Taylor. (Image Source: Roberta Taylor) parallel world Shadow Family. Well-placed sandals, a puddle of water, the right amount of light and there you have it, a reflection of your family portrait. (Image Source: FLIGRAFIE PHOTOGRAPHY) shadow family Super Family. “Me and my family flying over Portugal :)” (Image Source: Pr3t3nd3r) super family 2 + 2 = 4. Math has never looked so lovely than with this family portrait. (Image Source: HANNA MAC) 2 + 2 = 4 The Combs Family. If you can hold your children tight, then this is the most fun memory you can shoot in a portrait! (Image Source: Kelsey J Gibbs Photography) the combs family The Bale Family’s Christmas. It requires an epic family with an epic dog to do this epic family portrait. (Image Source: Ho Hum Cards) the bale family's christmas  


Creative family portraits take longer to set up than regular ones, but you will be surprised with how the outcome will always put you in a good mood no matter when you revisit them. It sometimes even serves as the catalyst for you to save any severed relationships you have with your family. That said, here’s a heartfelt thanks to all photographers that dedicate so much of their time to photograph and demonstrate how inspiring a family portrait can be. Time for sharing! Have you ever done a cool portrait with your family before? What’s your favorite among these showcased pieces? Share with www.hongkiat.com

Illusion: Nativity scene or two t-rexes?

Brooke from: www.thistemporaryhome.com

Every year I gingerly unpack the green and gold Lenox boxes containing our hand-me-down nativity set. Mary, Joseph, Jesus, and the shepherds and wise men typically grace the table in quick succession.


As you gaze upon your nativity this year consider the true account of Christmas as told in the gospels and ask yourself, “What have we as a culture added to the story of Christmas? What have we taken away?” … Also, a closer look at Mary, the mother of Jesus, may prove profitable for you this year. Consider reading, Mary Christmas, a post I wrote over at Raise the Risk a few years ago or the fabulous account in this month’s Homelife Magazine, written by Liz Curtis Higgs,Between Now and Then: When you wait with God, you never wait alone. In this excerpt from her new book, The Women of Christmas, Liz pens, “God didn’t choose Mary because she was unique. Mary was unique because God chose her. ” …


Illusion comes on stage.

giagia kindly brought this great illusion to my attention – what do you see, a peaceful nativity scene or two angry dinosaurs Richard Wiseman: @giagia kindly brought this great illusion to my attention – what do you see, a peaceful nativity scene or two angry dinosaurs ? T-Rex Tyrannosaurus

T. rex (Tyrannosaurus)

Tyrannosaurus (/tɨˌrænəˈsɔrəs/ or /taɪˌrænəˈsɔrəs/; meaning “tyrant lizard”, from Greek tyrannos (τύραννος) meaning “tyrant”, and sauros (σαῦρος) meaning “lizard”) is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur. The speciesTyrannosaurus rex (rex meaning “king” in Latin), commonly abbreviated to T. rex, is a fixture in popular culture. It lived throughout what is now western North America, which then was an island continent named Laramidia, with a much wider range than other tyrannosaurids. Fossils are found in a variety of rock formations dating to the Maastrichtian age of the upper Cretaceous Period, 67 to 66 million years ago. It was among the last non-avian dinosaurs to exist before theCretaceous–Paleogene extinction event.


Fast Facts

40 ft (12 m) long; 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) tall
Protection status:
Did you know?
Tyrannosaurusmeans “tyrant lizard.”
Size relative to a bus:
Illustration:Tyrannosaurus rex compared with bus

Tyrannosaurus rex was one of the largest meat-eating dinosaurs that ever lived. Everything about this ferocious predator, from its thick, heavy skull to its 4-foot-long (1.2-meter-long) jaw, was designed for maximum bone-crushing action.

Fossil evidence shows thatTyrannosaurus was about 40 feet (12 meters) long and about 15 to 20 feet (4.6 to 6 meters) tall. Its strong thighs and long, powerful tail helped it move quickly, and its massive 5-foot-long (1.5-meter-long) skull could bore into prey.

T. rex‘s serrated, conical teeth were most likely used to pierce and grip flesh, which it then ripped away with its brawny neck muscles. Its two-fingered forearms could probably seize prey, but they were too short to reach its mouth.

Scientists believe this powerful predator could eat up to 500 pounds (230 kilograms) of meat in one bite. Fossils of T. rex prey, including Triceratops andEdmontosaurus, suggest T. rex crushed and broke bones as it ate, and broken bones have been found in its dung.

Tyrannosaurus rex lived in forested river valleys in North America during the late Cretaceous period. It became extinct about 65 million years ago in the Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction.

National Geographic


North Carolinians, if you haven’t been to the NC Zoo in awhile and have a dinosaur lover in the house, you need to get there before the end of October.

Dinosaurs and baby gorillas: wwwaparentingproduction.com


Derek Gores: collage artist

Derek Gores was born in New York in 1971. He’s best known for ripped paper collage portraits, made using recycled magazine pages and other found parts. He’s had a hot year to date, with several shows and pieces selling for five figures. In addition to his fine art, Derek has worked as a commercial illustrator and designer for 15 years, with clients including Lenny Kravitz, U2, Van Halen, Kings of Leon, Madonna, Lucasfilm, ESPN, the National Football League, Harley Davidson, Adidas as well as many others. In January, Derek was honored to be featured at the Manifest Hope DC exhibit in Washington, prior to President Obama’s Inauguration. The exhibit was juried by Spike Lee and fellow artist Shepard Fairey, among others. Currently, he has a large solo exhibition and a group show that is open through September 25, 2009.

Derek lives in Melbourne, Florida with his wife Jamie and their three daughters.

website: http://www.derekgores.com


TORN: solo exhibition of large scale collages – 321 Agency in Melbourne, FL. Through September 25. http://www.321agency.com/gallery

MEMENTO MORI: group show at the Parlor Gallery, Asbury Park, NJ – opens Saturday August 22. http://www.parlor-gallery.com

When did you first decide to become a graphic designer/ illustrator? Was there a pivotal moment?

I’ve just always drawn. Really really make a conscious career move? Probably the summer after college when it was time to turn it into a job, my first was making art for the Grateful Dead. Great experience, since we made hundreds of tees for the band, and yet they didn’t want photos of the band in any of the designs. Started me digging deep into visual metaphors and weird imagery. Tried to expand the idea of the band, not just illustrate what already existed.

Who or what inspires you?

Subject-wise, I love the figure. The living body. The pulsing, moving, living being and all the space around it. And I contrast that with study of man made things. Engines, schematics, things that aren’t supposed to be art. Process-wise, I make these collages for the feeling of having my brain and senses surprised and confused while searching for the image. Here’s the deepest thing I’ve ever said about it: I try to make an experience, instead of just a picture of an experience. The history each viewer brings to the art affect the perceptions, of course. The inside of your head is the real canvas. See? Deep, right?

Where does your training come from? Self-taught? College/Art School?

Gotta start with Dad, drawing the Brewster Grist Mill on Cape Cod. Star Wars had me inventing worlds on my own. Peers had me doing tag team doodles which I still love. Exposure to local bad-asses, guys who wanted to make their own luck instead of waiting to be invited into galleries. I did go to art school at RISD. Faves there included the mystical life force searching of Victor Lara, the noble craftsmanship of Tom Sgouros, the swashbuckling of painter Dean Richardson. Toss in a little David Macaulay communication, some Mahler Ryder bluntness and one great speaking engagement with Brad Holland, who would only show up if it was student-organized. I was fortunate too to attend RISD at the same time as Shawn Kenney, Scott Conary and Robert Moody. I call him Bob. Then I jumped in with a huuuuuge company, art directing, developing the vision thing and the leadership thing. I consider all that part of my training for now. Current teaching comes from a spider web of compatriots here in Florida. Artists Cliffton Chandler, Ryan Speer, David Burton, Cynic, SLOW, Casey Decotis and many art-support folks who together make stuff happen.

How do you keep “fresh” within your industry?

Just by living and doing new things. Parenting. Combining the senses, drawing, trying music. Collaborating. Actually the collage stuff is the latest in a long line of deliberate moves toward staying out of my own control, channeling randomness. When I was 18 I was on the path to precision. Boris would have liked me.

What are some of your current projects?

Just finished a commission for the health care reform campaign- a 24″ x 24″ collage all in blues, made of words and phrases from the President’s speeches and ideas. On the lighter side, some tour tees for Kings of Leon and Depeche Mode. Just had my first solo show opening- TORN, produced by 321 Agency in Melbourne, FL. http://www.321agency.com/torn It includes my largest works yet, some of the collages are six feet tall. Next up is a group show at the Parlor Gallery in Asbury Park, NJ. Opens August 22. Hoping Springsteen pops in.

Which of your projects are you the most proud of? And why?

My kid self is excited I did the artwork for Alex Van Halen’s drums (and several of the tees) on the last Van Halen tour! In terms of big time honor, gotta go with being selected as 2 of the 15 pieces chosen for the Manifest Hope DC exhibit prior to the inauguration in Washington. Shep Fairey, Yosi Sargent, — I think Arnold Schwarzenegger stopped in. I even have the President’s autograph on one of my prints. Wow. More personally, the latest collage works are going so well. Huge engines, samurais, beauties emerging from shadow… I just had the longest period of sustained adrenaline I’ve ever felt. And ready to apply to new stuff asap! But the real real real juice comes from the viewer, the collector’s reaction. I sometimes see it in their eyes, cheeks, throats even…

Are there any areas, techniques, mediums, projects in your field that you have yet to try?

I’m hinting at 3d stuff. Did my first laser-cut plastic piece this year. 7 layers. I think the collages need to be 3d at some point. Project wise it is funny that I’ve worked for tons of private collectors, big campaign commissions, lots of product merch, music packaging, but very little in the area that most interested me while in collage- magazines. Maybe this year I’ll go looking. The collage stuff translates so well in print.

Any advice to the novice designer/ illustrator?

Explore, explore, draw, draw, read, read. I like Marshall Arisman’s advice that your focus ought to be the 5 things you know the most about. I know the body, machines, intimate spaces, nightlife feels, pop stuff. So I feel no need to do the business man with briefcase ascending the bar graph staircase. Don’t be generic, figure you out and be aggressive with it. Figure YOU out in the art, the promo, the networking, the living. Art isn’t just rectangles on a wall. The whole life is the art project, as a friend of mine likes to say. On the subject of school, I’ve seen artists with big time educations who never got out from under the weight of their training, never found the personal purpose. Had the how, but no why. And I’ve seen self taught people really break new ground. So, key is to own your own education, however you get it.

What makes a designed piece or illustration successful?

If it takes the viewer’s mind to the right place to receive the accompanying text, story, show, message. Doesn’t have to be literal. Actually I’m wary of symbols, because they rely on intellectual memory to tell you what you are supposed to be feeling. I’d much rather see a piece that achieves a feeling, an actual felt response- even if the particulars might be hard to discern. Brad Holland was first to show me it is possible in the illustration/design world.

What do you do to keep yourself motivated and avoid burn-out?

Fresh stimulus. Weird art tools all around. I tend to do the art in waves- a wave of thinking, researching, discovering, uncovering, then finally a new rush of work. I despise doing work that has the idea at the beginning and then the rest of the time is laborious execution. I like surprises along the way. I’ve gotten very good at harnessing all that for a client too.

Finish this sentence. “If I weren’t a designer/illustrator I would have been a…”

No idea. Can you get paid to walk the Appalachian Trail? I haven’t done it yet, but I’m into it if pay is good and there are benefits.

And finally, what is the best thing on prime-time TV right now?

The less TV the better. But you can catch me watching those HD live concerts on Sundays.

Originally written on designinspiration.blogspot.com by  on September 18th 2009


Collage (From the Frenchcoller, to glue, French pronunciation: ​[kɔ.laːʒ]) is a technique of an art production, primarily used in the visual arts, where the artwork is made from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole. A collage may sometimes include newspaper clippingsribbons, bits of colored or handmade papers, portions of other artwork or texts, photographs and other found objects, glued to a piece of paper or canvas. The origins of collage can be traced back hundreds of years, but this technique made a dramatic reappearance in the early 20th century as an art form of novelty. The term collage derives from the French “coller”.[1] This term was coined by both Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso in the beginning of the 20th century when collage became a distinctive part of modern art.[2]

History of Collage

Early precedents

Techniques of collage were first used at the time of the invention of paper in China, around 200 BC. The use of collage, however, wasn’t used by many people until the 10th century in Japan, when calligraphers began to apply glued paper, using texts on surfaces, when writing their poems.[3]The technique of collage appeared in medieval Europe during the 13th century. Gold leaf panels started to be applied in Gothic cathedrals around the 15th and 16th centuries. Gemstones and other precious metals were applied to religious images, icons, and also, to coats of arms.[3] An 18th century example of collage art can be found in the work of Mary Delany. In the 19th century, collage methods also were used among hobbyists for memorabilia (e.g. applied to photo albums) and books (e.g. Hans Christian AndersenCarl Spitzweg).[3]

Collage and modernism

Hannah HöchCut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany, 1919, collage of pasted papers, 90×144 cm, Staatliche Museum, Berlin.

Despite the pre-twentieth-century use of collage-like application techniques, some art authorities argue that collage, properly speaking, did not emerge until after 1900, in conjunction with the early stages of modernism. For example, the Tate Gallery‘s online art glossary states that collage “was first used as an artists’ technique in the twentieth century.”.[4] According to the Guggenheim Museum‘s online art glossary, collage is an artistic concept associated with the beginnings of modernism, and entails much more than the idea of gluing something onto something else. The glued-on patches which Braque and Picasso added to their canvases offered a new perspective on painting when the patches “collided with the surface plane of the painting.”[5] In this perspective, collage was part of a methodical reexamination of the relation between painting and sculpture, and these new works “gave each medium some of the characteristics of the other,” according to the Guggenheim essay. Furthermore, these chopped-up bits of newspaper introduced fragments of externally referenced meaning into the collision: “References to current events, such as the war in the Balkans, and to popular culture enriched the content of their art.” This juxtaposition of signifiers, “at once serious and tongue-in-cheek,” was fundamental to the inspiration behind collage: “Emphasizing concept and process over end product, collage has brought the incongruous into meaningful congress with the ordinary.”[5]

Collage in painting

Collage in the modernist sense began with Cubist painters Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. According to some sources, Picasso was the first to use the collage technique in oil paintings. According to the Guggenheim Museum‘s online article about collage, Braque took up the concept of collage itself before Picasso, applying it to charcoal drawings. Picasso adopted collage immediately after (and was perhaps indeed the first to use collage in paintings, as opposed to drawings): “It was Braque who purchased a roll of simulated oak-grain wallpaper and began cutting out pieces of the paper and attaching them to his charcoal drawings. Picasso immediately began to make his own experiments in the new medium.”[5] In 1912 for his Still Life with Chair Caning (Nature-morte à la chaise cannée),[6] Picasso pasted a patch of oilcloth with a chair-cane design onto the canvas of the piece. Surrealist artists have made extensive use of collage. Cubomania is a collage made by cutting an image into squares which are then reassembled automatically or at random. Collages produced using a similar, or perhaps identical, method are called etrécissements by Marcel Mariën from a method first explored by Mariën. Surrealist games such as parallel collage use collective techniques of collage making. The Sidney Janis Gallery held an early Pop Art exhibit called the New Realist Exhibition in November 1962, which included works by the American artists Tom WesselmannJim DineRobert IndianaRoy LichtensteinClaes OldenburgJames RosenquistGeorge Segal, and Andy Warhol; and Europeans such as Arman, Baj, ChristoYves Klein, Festa, Rotella, Jean Tinguely, and Schifano. It followed the Nouveau Réalisme exhibition at the Galerie Rive Droite in Paris, and marked the international debut of the artists who soon gave rise to what came to be called Pop Art in Britain and The United States and Nouveau Réalisme on the European continent. Many of these artists used collage techniques in their work. Wesselmann took part in the New Realist show with some reservations,[7] exhibiting two 1962 works: Still life #17 and Still life #22. Another technique is that of canvas collage, which is the application, typically with glue, of separately painted canvas patches to the surface of a painting’s main canvas. Well known for use of this technique is British artist John Walker in hispaintings of the late 1970s, but canvas collage was already an integral part of the mixed media works of such American artists as Conrad Marca-Relli and Jane Frank by the early 1960s. The intensely self-critical Lee Krasner also frequently destroyed her own paintings by cutting them into pieces, only to create new works of art by reassembling the pieces into collages.

Collage with wood

Arthur DoveThe Intellectual(1925), collection: Museum of Modern Art NYC,[8] part of a series of experimental collages.

What may be called wood collageis the dominant feature in this 1964mixed media painting by Jane Frank(1918–1986)

The wood collage is a type that emerged somewhat later than paper collage. Kurt Schwitters began experimenting with wood collages in the 1920s after already having given up painting for paper collages.[9] The principle of wood collage is clearly established at least as early as his ‘Merz Picture with Candle’, dating from the mid to late 1920s.[10][11] It is also interesting to note that wood collage in a sense made its debut, indirectly, at the same time as paper collage, since (according to the Guggenheim online), Georges Braque initiated use of paper collage by cutting out pieces of simulated oak-grain wallpaper and attaching them to his own charcoal drawings.[5] Thus, the idea of gluing wood to a picture was implicitly there from the start, since the paper used in the very first paper collages was a commercial product manufactured to look like wood. It was during a fifteen-year period of intense experimentation beginning in the mid-1940s that Louise Nevelson evolved her sculptural wood collages, assembled from found scraps, including parts of furniture, pieces of wooden crates or barrels, and architectural remnants like stair railings or moldings. Generally rectangular, very large, and painted black, they resemble gigantic paintings. Concerning Nevelson’s Sky Cathedral (1958), the Museum of Modern Art catalogue states, “As a rectangular plane to be viewed from the front, Sky Cathedral has the pictorial quality of a painting…”[12] Yet such pieces also present themselves as massive walls or monoliths, which can sometimes be viewed from either side, or even looked through. Much wood collage art is considerably smaller in scale, framed and hung as a painting would be. It usually features pieces of wood, wood shavings, or scraps, assembled on a canvas (if there is painting involved), or on a wooden board. Such framed, picture-like, wood-relief collages offer the artist an opportunity to explore the qualities of depth, natural color, and textural variety inherent in the material, while drawing on and taking advantage of the language, conventions, and historical resonances that arise from the tradition of creating pictures to hang on walls. The technique of wood collage is also sometimes combined with painting and other media in a single work of art. Frequently, what is called “wood collage art” uses only natural wood – such as driftwood, or parts of found and unaltered logs, branches, sticks, or bark. This raises the question of whether such artwork is collage (in the original sense) at all (see Collage and modernism). This is because the early, paper collages were generally made from bits of text or pictures – things originally made by people, and functioning or signifying in some cultural context. The collage brings these still-recognizable “signifiers” (or fragments of signifiers) together, in a kind of semiotic collision. A truncated wooden chair or staircase newel used in a Nevelson work can also be considered a potential element of collage in the same sense: it had some original, culturally determined context. Unaltered, natural wood, such as one might find on a forest floor, arguably has no such context; therefore, the characteristic contextual disruptions associated with the collage idea, as it originated with Braque and Picasso, cannot really take place. (Driftwood is of course sometimes ambiguous: while a piece of driftwood may once have been a piece of worked wood – for example, part of a ship – it may be so weathered by salt and sea that its past functional identity is nearly or completely obscured.)


Main article: Decoupage

Decoupage is a type of collage usually defined as a craft. It is the process of placing a picture into an object for decoration. Decoupage can involve adding multiple copies of the same image, cut and layered to add apparent depth. The picture is often coated with varnish or some other sealant for protection. In the early part of the 20th century, decoupage, like many other art methods, began experimenting with a less realistic and more abstract style. 20th-century artists who produced decoupage works include Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse. The most famous decoupage work is Matisse’s Blue Nude II. There are many varieties on the traditional technique involving purpose made ‘glue’ requiring fewer layers (often 5 or 20, depending on the amount of paper involved). Cutouts are also applied under glass or raised to give a three dimensional appearance according to the desire of the decouper. Currently decoupage is a popular handicraft. The craft became known as découpage in France (from the verb découper, ‘to cut out’) as it attained great popularity during the 17th and 18th centuries. Many advanced techniques were developed during this time, and items could take up to a year to complete due to the many coats and sandings applied. Some famous or aristocratic practitioners included Marie AntoinetteMadame de Pompadour, and Beau Brummell. In fact the majority of decoupage enthusiasts attribute the beginning of decoupage to 17th century Venice. However it was known before this time in Asia. The most likely origin of decoupage is thought to be East Siberian funerary artNomadic tribes would use cut out felts to decorate the tombs of their deceased. From Siberia, the practice came to China, and by the 12th century, cut out paper was being used to decorate lanterns, windows, boxes and other objects. In the 17th century, Italy, especially in Venice, was at the forefront of trade with the Far East and it is generally thought that it is through these trade links that the cut out paperdecorations made their way into Europe.


Main article: Photomontage

Romare BeardenThe Calabash,collage, 1970, Library of Congress

Collage made from photographs, or parts of photographs, is called photomontage. Photomontage is the process (and result) of making a composite photograph by cutting and joining a number of other photographs. The composite picture was sometimes photographed so that the final image is converted back into a seamless photographic print. The same method is accomplished today using image-editing software. The technique is referred to by professionals as compositing.

Richard HamiltonJohn McHaleJust What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? 1956, collage, (one of the earliest works to be considered Pop Art)

Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing? was created in 1956 for the catalogue of the This Is Tomorrow exhibition in LondonEngland in which it was reproduced in black and white. In addition, the piece was used in posters for the exhibit.[13] Richard Hamilton has subsequently created several works in which he reworked the subject and composition of the pop art collage, including a 1992 version featuring a female bodybuilder. Many artists have created derivative works of Hamilton’s collage. P. C. Helm made a year 2000 interpretation.[14] Other methods for combining pictures are also called photomontage, such as Victorian “combination printing”, the printing from more than one negative on a single piece of printing paper (e.g. O. G. Rejlander, 1857), front-projection and computer montage techniques. Much as a collage is composed of multiple facets, artists also combine montage techniques. Romare Bearden’s (1912–1988) series of black and white “photomontage projections” is an example. His method began with compositions of paper, paint, and photographs put on boards 8½ × 11 inches. Bearden fixed the imagery with an emulsion that he then applied with handroller. Subsequently, he enlarged the collages photographically. The 19th century tradition of physically joining multiple images into a composite and photographing the results prevailed in press photography and offset lithography until the widespread use of digital image editing. Contemporary photo editors in magazines now create “paste-ups” digitally. Creating a photomontage has, for the most part, become easier with the advent of computer software such as Adobe PhotoshopPixel image editor, and GIMP. These programs make the changes digitally, allowing for faster workflow and more precise results. They also mitigate mistakes by allowing the artist to “undo” errors. Yet some artists are pushing the boundaries of digital image editing to create extremely time-intensive compositions that rival the demands of the traditional arts. The current trend is to create pictures that combine painting, theatre, illustration and graphics in a seamless photographic whole.

Digital collage

Digital collage is the technique of using computer tools in collage creation to encourage chance associations of disparate visual elements and the subsequent transformation of the visual results through the use of electronic media. It is commonly used in the creation of digital art.

3-Dimensional Collage

A 3D Collage is the art of putting altogether 3-Dimensional objects such as rocks, beads, buttons, coins or even soil to form a new whole or a new object. 3D collage is often one of the infamous kinds of collage. Examples of these can be houses, bead circles, etc.


It is the art of putting together or assembling of small pieces of paper, tiles, marble, stones, etc. They are often found in cathedrals, churches, temples as a spiritual significance of interior design.Small pieces, normally roughly quadratic, of stone or glass of different colors, known as tesserae, (diminutive tessellae), are used to create a pattern or picture.


The term “eCollage” (electronic Collage) can be used for a collage created by using computer tools.

Collage artists


Collage in other contexts

Collage in architecture

Though Le Corbusier and other architects used techniques that are akin to collage, collage as a theoretical concept only became widely discussed after the publication of Collage City (1987) by Colin Rowe and Fred Koetter. Rowe and Koetter were not, however, championing collage in the pictorial sense, much less seeking the types of disruptions of meaning that occur with collage. Instead, they were looking to challenge the uniformity of Modernism and saw collage with its non-linear notion of history as a means to reinvigorate design practice. Not only does historical urban fabric have its place, but in studying it, designers were, so it was hoped, able to get a sense of how better to operate. Rowe was a member of the so-called Texas Rangers, a group of architects who taught at the University of Texas for a while. Another member of that group was Bernhard Hoesli, a Swiss architect who went on to become an important educator at the ETH-Zurirch. Whereas for Rowe, collage was more a metaphor than an actual practice, Hoesli actively made collages as part of his design process. He was close to Robert Slutzky, a New York based artist, and frequently introduced the question of collage and disruption in his studio work.

Collage in music

Peter BlakeOn the Balcony, 1955–1957, collage, mixed-mediaTate Gallery

Main article: Sound collage

The concept of collage has crossed the boundaries of visual arts. In music, with the advances on recording technology, avant-garde artists started experimenting with cutting and pasting since the middle of the twentieth century. In the 1960s, George Martin created collages of recordings while producing the records of The Beatles. In 1967 Pop artist Peter Blake made the collage for the cover of the Beatles seminal album Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band. In the 1970s and ’80s, the likes of Christian Marclay and the group Negativland reappropriated old audio in new ways. By the 1990s and 2000s, with the popularity of the sampler, it became apparent that “musical collages” had become the norm for popular music, especially in raphip-hop and electronic music.[15] In 1996, DJ Shadow released the groundbreaking album, Endtroducing….., made entirely of preexisting recorded material mixed together in audible collage. In the same year, New York City based artist, writer, and musician, Paul D. Miller aka DJ Spooky‘s work pushed the work of sampling into a museum and gallery context as an art practice that combined DJ culture’s obsession with archival materials as sound sources on his album “Songs of a Dead Dreamer” and in his books “Rhythm Science” (2004) and “Sound Unbound (2008)” (MIT Press). In his books, “mash-up” and collage based mixes of authors, artists, and musicians such as Antonin ArtaudJames Joyce,William S. Burroughs, and Raymond Scott were featured as part of a what he called “literature of sound.” In 2000, The Avalanches released Since I Left You, a musical collage consisting of approximately 3,500 musical sources (i.e., samples).[16]


Collage is commonly used as a technique in Children’s picture book illustrationEric Carle is a prominent example, using vividly coloured hand-textured papers cut to shape and layered together, sometimes embellished with crayon or other marks. See image at The Very Hungry Caterpillar.

Literary collage

Collage novels are books with images selected from other publications and collaged together following a theme or narrative. The bible of discordianism, the Principia Discordia, is described by its author as a literary collage. A collage in literary terms may also refer to a layering of ideas or images.

Collage in film

Main article: Collage film

Collage film is traditionally defined as, “A film that juxtaposes fictional scenes with footage taken from disparate sources, such as newsreels.” Combining different types of footage can have various implications depending on the director’s approach. Collage film can also refer to the physical collaging of materials onto filmstrips. Canadian Film maker, Arthur Lipsett, was especially renown for his collage films, many of which were made from the cutting room floors of the National Film Board studios (www.nfb.org).

In post-production

The use of CGI, or computer-generated imagery, can be considered a form of collage, especially when animated graphics are layered over traditional film footage. At certain moments during Amèlie (Jean-Pierre Juenet, 2001), the mise en scène takes on a highly fantasized style, including fictitious elements like swirling tunnels of color and light. David O. Russel’s I Heart Huckabees (2004) incorporates CGI effects to visually demonstrate philosophical theories explained by the existential detectives (played by Lily Tomlin and Dustin Hoffman). In this case, the effects serve to enhance clarity, while adding a surreal aspect to an otherwise realistic film.

Legal issues

When collage uses existing works, the result is what some copyright scholars call a derivative work. The collage thus has a copyright separate from any copyrights pertaining to the original incorporated works. Due to redefined and reinterpreted copyright laws, and increased financial interests, some forms of collage art are significantly restricted. For example, in the area of sound collage (such as hip hop music), some court rulings effectively have eliminated the de minimis doctrine as a defense tocopyright infringement, thus shifting collage practice away from non-permissive uses relying on fair use or de minimis protections, and toward licensing.[17] Examples of musical collage art that have run afoul of modern copyright are The Grey Album and Negativland‘s U2. The copyright status of visual works is less troubled, although still ambiguous. For instance, some visual collage artists have argued that the first-sale doctrine protects their work. The first-sale doctrine prevents copyright holders from controlling consumptive uses after the “first sale” of their work, although the Ninth Circuit has held that the first-sale doctrine does not apply to derivative works.[18] The de minimis doctrine and the fair use exception also provide important defenses against claimed copyright infringement.[19] The Second Circuit in October, 2006, held that artist Jeff Koons was not liable for copyright infringement because his incorporation of a photograph into a collage painting was fair use.[20]

See also



  • Adamowicz, Elza (1998). Surrealist Collage in Text and Image: Dissecting the Exquisite CorpseCambridge University PressISBN 0-521-59204-6.
  • Ruddick Bloom, Susan (2006). Digital Collage and Painting: Using Photoshop and Painter to Create Fine ArtFocal PressISBN 0-240-80705-7.
  • Museum Factory -by Istvan Horkay
  • History of Collage Excerpts from Nita Leland and Virginia Lee and from George F. Brommer
  • West, Shearer (1996). The Bullfinch Guide to Art. UK: Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 0-8212-2137-X.
  • Colin Rowe and Fred Koetter. Collage City MIT University Press, Cambridge MA, 1978.
  • Mark Jarzombek, “Bernhard Hoesli Collages/Civitas,” Bernhard Hoesli: Collages, exh. cat., Christina Betanzos Pint, editor (Knoxville: University of Tennessee, September 2001), 3-11.
  • Brandon Taylor. Urban walls : a generation of collage in Europe & America : Burhan Dogançay with François Dufrêne, Raymond Hains, Robert Rauschenberg, Mimmo Rotella, Jacques Villeglé, Wolf Vostell ISBN 978-1-55595-288-4ISBN 1-55595-288-7; OCLC 191318119 (New York : Hudson Hills Press ; [Lanham, MD] : Distributed in the United States by National Book Network, 2008), worldcat.org.
  • Excavations (Ontological Museum Acquisitions) by Richard Misiano-Genovese


  1. up^ Enslen, Denise. “Origin of the term “collage””. Archived from the original on 2012-04-12.
  2. up^ Collage, essay by Clement Greenberg Retrieved July 20, 2010
  3. Jump up to:a b c Leland, Nita; Virginia Lee Williams (September 1994). “One”. Creative Collage Techniques. North Light Books. p. 7. ISBN 0-89134-563-9.
  4. up^ Tate.org
  5. Jump up to:a b c d Guggenheimcollection.org
  6. up^ Nature-morte à la chaise cannée – Musée National Picasso Paris
  7. up^ (cf. S. Stealingworth, 1980, p. 31)
  8. up^ MoMA
  9. up^ Kurt-schwitters.org
  10. up^ Peak.org
  11. up^ Peak.org
  12. up^ Louise Nevelson – The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 222
  13. up^ “This is tomorrow”, thisistomorrow2.com (scroll to “image 027TT-1956.jpg”). Retrieved 27 August 2008.
  14. up^ “Just what is it”, pchelm.com. Retrieved 27 August 2008.
  15. up^ Guy Garcia (June 1991). “Play It Again, Sampler”Time Magazine. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
  16. up^ Mark Pytlik (November 2006). “The Avalanches”Sound on Sound. Retrieved 2007-06-16.
  17. up^ See Bridgeport Music, 6th Cir.
  18. up^ Mirage Editions, Inc. v. Albuquerque A.R.T. Co., 856 F.2d 1341 (9th Cir. 1989)
  19. up^ See the Fair Use Network for further explanations.
  20. up^ Blanch v. Koons, — F.3d –, 2006 WL 3040666 (2d Cir. Oct. 26, 2006)

External links

Look up collage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Collage.

Photographic mosaic

A photographic mosaic of a sea gull made from pictures of birds and other nature photos using hexagonal tiles

In the field of photographic imaging, a photographic mosaic, also known under the term Photomosaic, a portmanteau of photo and mosaic, is a picture (usually a photograph) that has been divided into (usually equal sized) rectangular sections, each of which is replaced with another photograph that matches the target photo.[1] When viewed at low magnifications, the individual pixels appear as the primary image, while close examination reveals that the image is in fact made up of many hundreds or thousands of smaller images.[1] Most of the time they are a computer-created type of montage.

Kinds of mosaic

There are two kinds of mosaic, depending on how the matching is done. In the simpler kind, each part of the target image is averaged down to a single color. Each of the library images is also reduced to a single color. Each part of the target image is then replaced with one from the library where these colors are as similar as possible. In effect, the target image is reduced in resolution (by downsampling), and then each of the resulting pixels is replaced with an image whose average color matches that pixel.

Photo mosaic Solveiga

Advanced kind of photographic mosaic

In the more advanced kind of photographic mosaic, the target image is not downsampled, and the matching is done by comparing each pixel in the rectangle to the corresponding pixel from each library image. The rectangle in the target is then replaced with the library image that minimizes the total difference. This require much more computation than the simple kind, but the results can be much better since the pixel-by-pixel matching can preserve the resolution of the target image.

Picture from www.artensoft.com/ArtensoftPhotoMosaicWizard/

Picture from www.artensoft.com/ArtensoftPhotoMosaicWizard/

Photo Collage

Photo collages produced with Artensoft Photo Collage Maker are of the highest visual quality. They look great from afar and are perfect when scrutinized up close. Artensoft Photo Collage Maker uses sophisticated algorithms to mix and match existing cell images in order to create a piece of art that can be enjoyed from afar and truly appreciated up close:

Photo collages produced with Artensoft Photo Collage Maker are of the highest visual quality. They look great from afar and are perfect when scrutinized up close. Artensoft Photo Collage Maker uses sophisticated algorithms to mix and match existing cell images in order to create a piece of art that can be enjoyed from afar and truly appreciated up close:

There’s no color blending producing faux digital photomosaic; instead, Artensoft Photo Collage Maker uses advanced mix-and-match to assemble a perfect photo collage out of a number of different images. Just look at the 100% crop of the image above to see the level of detail.

Term photomosaic

Originally, the term photomosaic referred to compound photographs created by stitching together a series of adjacent pictures of a scene. Space scientists have been assembling mosaics of this kind since at least as early as the Soviet Union space satellite missions to the moon in the late 1950s. The name photomosaic and an implementation concept were trademarked by Robert Silvers’ Runaway Technology, Inc.[2]



1993 Live from Bell Labs event poster

  • 1993 Joseph Francis, working for R/Greenberg Associates in Manhattan, is believed to be the inventor of the modern-day computer-generated colour image versions. His Live from Bell Labs poster created in 1993 used computer-themed tile photographs to create a mosaic of a face ( Ryszard Horowitz/ Photography and Art Direction, Robert Bowen/ Digital Artist). He went on to create a mosaic for Animation Magazine in 1993, which was repeated in Wired Magazine(November 1994, p. 106). Francis has said on his “History of Photo Mosaics” webpage that his interest in developing these techniques further was in part stimulated by the work of artist Chuck Close.
  • 1994 Dave McKean creates an image for DC Comics, a mosaic of a face made from photos of faces, although this is believed to be created manually using Photoshop.
  • 1994 Adam Finkelstein and Sandy Farrier create a mosaic of John F. Kennedy from parts of Marilyn Monroe pictures. The result was displayed in the Xerox PARC Algorithmic Art Show in 1994.
  • 1994 Benetton: AIDS – Faces mosaic. Over one thousand young peoples’ portraits from all over the word computer-processed spell out the word AIDS.
  • 1995 The Gioconda Sapiens, a face with ten thousand faces, was presented to the public in April 1995 (Spain, Domus museum). This was the first large photographic mosaic, using photographs of 10,062 people from 110 countries to make the Mona Lisa.
  • 1995 Robert Silvers creates an algorithm for generating Photomosaics programmatically and goes on to trademark the term Photomosaic and patent his process for creation of Photomosaics in 1997.

Artistic aspects

There is debate over whether Photomosaics are an art or mere technique.[3] The making of a photomosaic is sometimes paralled and compared to forms of artistic appropriation, like literary assemblage.[4]

Trademark and intellectual property of the concept

Robert Silvers, a Master’s student at MIT, filed for a trademark on the term Photomosaic on September 3, 1996. This trademark was registered on August 12, 2003.[2]

Silvers also applied for a U.S. patent on the production of Photomosaics on January 2, 1997, which was granted as US 6137498 in October 2000 and has been assigned to Runaway Technology, Inc. Patent applications in other countries were also filed, and patents granted include EP 0852363JP 10269353,CA 2226059, and AU 723815B. He is quoted as saying: “By being granted this patent in the United States and other countries, we can protect our proprietary innovations and continue to make unique artwork.” [5] In September 2008, the Public Patent Foundation filed a formal request with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) to review certain claims in the US 6137498 on photomosaics. The request was granted and a reexamination proceeding ensued. On August 31, 2010, the USPTO issued a Reexamination Certificate confirming the patentability of all claims in the patent which were amended to refer to shape matching (a feature that contributes to the high resolution of photomosaics).

There are a number of other commercial companies that create mosaics with photos. Since there has been no litigation of these patents, these companies must therefore either use processes that do not infringe on the particular claimed process, have licenses under the patents, or are infringing those patents but Runaway Technology has chosen not to bring infringement proceedings.

Silvers’ patent may be regarded as a software patent, a subject over which there is a great deal of debate. For example, Article 52(2)(c) EPC states that “programs for computers as such” are not regarded as patentable inventions. Nevertheless, current practice relating to computer-implemented inventions under the EPC means that a process that provides a technical effect may be patented even if it is implemented by a computer.

The UK patent deriving from EP 0852363 became the subject of revocation proceedings in July 2006.[6] In September 2009, the UK Intellectual Property Office (UK-IPO) decided that the patent should not be revoked and terminated the proceeding. This decision was made by the UKIPO and not the European Patent Office(EPO) which originally granted the patent since no opposition to the European patent was filed within the nine-month post-grant period.[7]

Video mosaic

Photographic mosaics are typically formed from a collection of still images. A more recent phenomenon, however, has been video mosaics which assemble video clips rather than still images to create a larger image. The closing credits of the 2005 PlayStation 2 game God of War, for example, incorporates a still image of the main character, Kratos, formed from a number of in-game videos.

The term “video mosaic” also describes a large still image made from adjacent frames of video, such as those from video shots of geographic features like roads or cities. A mosaic of the video’s relevant frames replaces the full video, saving time and bandwidth, since the stills are much smaller.

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Photomosaics


  1. Jump up to:a b Cartwright (2007) p.102 quote:

    Photographic mosaic, also known as Photomosaic, a portmanteau of photo and mosaic, is a picture that is divided into small sections. When viewed as a whole, it appears to be one image, when in fact the image is made up of hundreds or even thousands of smaller images.

  2. Jump up to:a b “Tradmark information for Trademark 75159436”. US Tradmark Office. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
  3. Jump up^ Silvers (2000) quote: “More than anything else people ask me whether Photomosaics are an art or a science. l tell them that Photomosaics, like any art in formative stage, has elements of both.”
  4. Jump up^ Menke (2008) p.232 quote:

    [In Rudyard Kipling’s 1902 science-fiction short story “Wireless”] we recognize that the tale’s marshalling of realistic particulars has also been a systematic importation of details from Keats’s poetry and life history […] The tale’s elaborate descriptions were really Keats’s pre-scriptions all along. As in a photomosaic image, the elements of the story that make it seem recognizable and real turn out to be chosen from an artificially constrained palette of appropriations; examined closely, each realistic detail reveals itself as a micro-quotation from that collection.

  5. Jump up^ Silvers, Robert. “Robert Silvers | Corporate | Patents”. Runaway Technology, Inc. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
  6. Jump up^ Using the UK Patents Status Enquiry for EP0852363 provides full details on the current status of the patent.
  7. Jump up^ Welcome to epoline


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Trey Ratcliff: a photographer, artist, public speaker and writer

Trey_Ratcliff Trey Ratcliff (born July 7, 1971) is a photographerartistpublic speaker and writer. He posts a new photo each day on his travel blog StuckInCustoms[1] of the destinations and situations he finds himself in as he travels the world. His work has been featured on the BBCABCFOXCBS, and NBC.[2] Ratcliff studied computer science and mathematics at Southern Methodist University graduating in 1995. He pioneered the field of High Dynamic Range (HDR) photography. Originally a hobbyist photographer, he started exploring HDR because he was disappointed that the landscape photographs he had taken did not appear as he remembered the scenes. After exploring and developing techniques in the then relatively obscure HDR method, he began featuring his photographic work on his blog in 2005. His photographic work is licensed through Creative Commons Noncommercial. Early in Ratcliff’s career, two of his HDR photographs were selected as winners of the Smithsonian Magazine’s 4th Annual Photo Contest.,[3] The two photos “Fourth at Lake Austin” [4] and “A macaque monkey sits on a wall in Kuala Lumpur”[5] hang in the Smithsonian Institute.


On Frozen Pond I probably should not have been standing in the middle of this frozen pond, but when you are raised in Texas and you rarely get to see anything frozen, you get fascinated by large frozen bodies of water. I just stared at it for a long time like a deer that’s never seen headlights in the forest. I felt the saying, “When in Rome”, and somehow replaced it with “When in Reykjavik…” I slowly shuffled my feet out to the middle, using my tripod as an Imperial Hoth Walker to secure my footing. Once I got to the right spot for the lens, I ripped off a few shots before heading over to the safely of the shore. – Trey Ratcliff


His first book, “A World in HDR”, published in 2009,[6] quickly sold out in several countries.[7] He began releasing eBooks in 2010, the first of which was “Top 10 HDR Mistakes and How to Fix Them.” All of his photography eBooks are on Flatbooks a website Ratcliff created in 2011 to be a collection of eBooks focusing on the topic of HDR photography. Ratcliff also launched the website HDRSpotting along with Denis Khoo.[8] Guest editors at HDRSpotting.com have included Jason St. Peter, Chris Nowakowski, Brian Matiash, Kay Gaensler, John Rogers, Scott Wyden Kivowitz, Mike Criswell, and James Brandon.[9] In 2010, Ratcliff released his first HDR tutorial, a compilation of HDR instructional workshop footage.[10] Since that initial release, Ratcliff has created additional tutorials covering topics for novice photographers as well as seasoned veterans.[11] Ratcliff’s endeavors also include iOS and Android apps such as 100CamerasIn1,[12] an application that allows users to process mobile photos with different effects and then post the finished product to their social media sites, and Stuck On Earth,[13] a travel application that shows users places in the world to visit, photograph, and experience. His most recent release, Light Camera – Mark 1,[14] allows for real-time viewing of filters and effects allowing the user to see the end result of a photo before it has been taken. Like his other camera applications, users can then upload their finished product to their social media sites. He also supports charitable causes through Kiva Microfunds. As of September 2013, the Stuck in Customs Kiva team has raised and contributed more than $36,000.[15]

Dinner in Carmel: Trey-Ratcliff

Dinner in Carmel I found this place thanks to my friend Vic Gundotra. I was searching for local places to eat on my phone, and I saw that he recommended it. If it’s good enough for him, then it’s good enough for me!Actually, I think I kind of like this new way of searching. I like that my friend’s recommendations are pushed to the top of the algorithm. It’s a much more interesting way to search… I’m trying to think of examples when it would not work, and I really can’t. Well, one example is I do have this one friend that has HORRIBLE taste in movies. I am kind of worried that if I search for a movie to watch one night that his ridiculous suggestions might come out on top! – Trey Ratcliff

Speaking Engagements and Workshops

Ratcliff has given speeches at Google,[16] Pinterest,[17] Kent State University[18] and various conferences[19][20] around the world.[21] Ratcliff teaches photography and post-processing at workshops staged around the world in locations like Paris, Christchurch and Queensland, New Zealand.[22]

Trey Ratcliff - Night Rain in Ibiza

A Rainy and Romantic Night in Ibiza
Part of Ibiza is an old walled medieval town that is surrounded by layers of winding streets old shops intermixed with homes. A few streets away from the walls, some of the streets are full of pubs and quirky shops… I think it’s better to explore them at night than in the day – and especially so in the rain.
On this night, it was a little chilly and rainy, but that does not effect my camera. I’ve never had a problem because of rain or cold or heat or anything. It just works!
The rainy streets were full of colors and life. I saw this couple quickly walking under an umbrella so I took a quick one to capture the scene.
– Trey Ratcliff


Early controversy of Ratcliff focused on HDR photography, where the nature of its post-processing was heavily criticized.[23] Other controversies Ratcliff has encountered have focused on the use of the Creative Commons Noncommercial licensing model,[24] DSLR vs. mirror-less cameras,[25] and the use of watermarks when publishing online[26]

The Milford Sound Spray: Trey-Ratcliff

The Milford Sound Spray
People are sometimes disappointed when they come to Milford Sound and it is raining, but that is really one of the best times! The waterfalls go absolutely crazy, and there are, in my opinion, more interesting photos to be taken than in the sunshine. Of course, it’s a very different kind of photo, but you really can’t go wrong.
There are a few boat cruises that go out into the sound and the ocean as well… those are all highly recommended. If you see Eric Lim from Southern Discoveries, be sure to tell him hello from Trey!
– Trey Ratcliff

More photos from Trey Ratcliff  >> here <<

And here: www.stuckincustoms.com

References: Trey Ratcliff

  1. ^ “StuckinCustoms.com”.
  2. ^ “About Me – Trey Ratcliff and Stuck in Customs”. Stuckincustoms.com. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  3. ^ “Smithsonian Photography Contest – Two of the Top Ten Winners!”. StuckInCustoms.com. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  4. ^ “Fourth at Lake Austin”. 2007-04-23. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  5. ^ “A macaque monkey sits on a wall in Kuala Lumpur”. 2006-10-20. Retrieved 2015-09-15.
  6. ^ “A Book Announcement”. 2009-07-07. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  7. ^ “The World in HDR sold out on amazon…”. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  8. ^ “About HDR Spotting”. Hdrspotting.com. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  9. ^ “HDR Spotting Guest Editors”. Hdrspotting.com. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  10. ^ “HDR Tutorial – How to Make Beautiful HDR Photos With Ease!”. Stuckincustoms.com. 2013-03-25. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  11. ^ “Photography Tutorials”. Stuckincustoms.com. 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  12. ^ “100 Cameras in 1 – Best iPhone Camera”. Stuckincustoms.com. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  13. ^ “Stuck In Customs Newsletter #27”. Stuckincustoms.com. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  14. ^ “The Light Camera, Mark 1”. Stuckincustoms.com. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  15. ^ “Lending Team: Team Stuck In Customs”. Kiva. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  16. ^ “The World We Design – Trey Ratcliff Zeitgeist Americas 2012”. zeitgeistminds channel on YouTube. 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  17. ^ “Pinterest”. StuckInCustoms.com. 2012-09-16. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  18. ^ “Trey Ratcliff Headlines First Presidential Speaker Series”. Kent State University. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  19. ^ “Biography of Trey Ratcliff”. The E-G. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  20. ^ “Speakers”. Probloggerevents.com. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  21. ^ “Speaking Engagements”. Stuck In Customs. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  22. ^ “Photograph Workshops”. Stuck In Customs. 2012-10-03. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  23. ^ “Why I Hate HDR Photo Technology Porn”. 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  24. ^ “Go Ahead and Steal this Photo and make prints”. 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  26. ^ “Miss Aniela Extravaganza”. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2013-09-15.

Text from wikipedia

Painting Magic Plane

Today in Calgary, WestJet, WestJet Vacations and Walt Disney Parks & Resorts (Canada) unveiled a custom-painted Boeing Next-Generation 737-800 series aircraft featuring Mickey Mouse as Sorcerer Mickey, a role the cartoon character first portrayed in the Walt Disney Productions film Fantasia, which came out in 1940.

The plane sets off for its inaugural flight on Tuesday, Dec. 3, flying from Calgary to Orlando, the home of Mickey Mouse and Walt Disney World Resort.


After that, what WestJet has dubbed the “Magic Plane” will fly on WestJet’s domestic, trans-border and international network, which includes 39 flights per week from various Canadian cities to Orlando.

With today’s unveiling, WestJet released a list of fun facts about the Magic Plane, including the fact that cookies served on board are in the shape of Disney characters, that the design includes 36 different paint colors and that it took a team of 26 people 24 days working around the clock to paint the Magic Plane.

The airline added this teaser: the images on both sides of the aircraft are mirror images of each other, but “they are identical in all aspects but one.”

WestJet said in a statement that it will let passengers figure out the difference.

Harriet Baskas is the author of seven books, including Hidden Treasures: What Museums Can’t or Won’t Show You, and the Stuck at the Airport blog. Follow her on Twitter at @hbaskas.

From the USAtoday.com

Painting Magic Plane

From the romanceofflight.com

CALGARY, Dec. 2, 2013 /CNW/ – WestJet, WestJet Vacations and Walt Disney Parks & Resorts (Canada) today pulled back the curtain on their most exciting adventure yet — a custom-painted Boeing Next-Generation 737-800 series aircraft featuring Mickey Mouse in his most famous role, Sorcerer Mickey.

WestJet, WestJet Vacations and Walt Disney Parks & Resorts (Canada) first forged a relationship in 2004 based on a shared vision of creating memorable experiences for their guests. Known in the social media world as the #MagicPlane, the aircraft will perform its inaugural flight on December 3, 2013, from Calgary to Orlando, Florida, home of Walt Disney World Resort. Following the flight, the Magic Plane will fly throughout WestJet’s domestic, trans-border and international network.

WESTJET - WestJet soars to new heights with Magic Plane

“We are very proud of our work with Disney and everything we’ve done together over the years to enrich the lives of our guests,” said Gregg Saretsky, WestJet President and CEO. “With the Magic Plane, we are soaring to new heights, offering guests of all ages the chance to share the skies with one of the world’s most beloved and iconic figures. We also look forward to having fun with our guests on the ground as they see the Magic Plane flying over their communities and at airports across our expanding network.”

“Bringing this vision to life has been a true collaboration between our companies and it’s so exciting to see the final result — the aircraft is absolutely beautiful,” said Marlie Morrison, Managing Director, Marketing & Sales, The Walt Disney Company (Canada) Ltd. “WestJetters are the first point of contact for many of our Walt Disney World guests embarking on their memorable family vacation.  We have a great appreciation for WestJet, which shares a similar culture in bringing guests an exceptional experience from beginning to end.”

Fun facts about the Magic Plane:

  • The two sides of the aircraft are mirror images of each other in all aspects but one. We’ll leave it to our guests to decide what that is!
  • There are a total of 36 different paint colours on the aircraft.
  • It took a team of 26 people 24 days working around the clock to paint the Magic Plane.
  • The painting crew consumed more than 150 doughnuts over the 24 days.
  • The painting crew consisted of people from four countries, five states, two provinces and 12 cities.
  • The cookies that will be served on board are a special treat in the shape of Disney characters.
  • Over the next five years, the Magic Plane will fly more than 400,000 guests a total of nearly eight million kilometres.

WESTJET - WestJet soars to new heights with Magic Plane

On board the Magic Plane’s inaugural flight on December 3 will be 16 members of the Boys and Girls Clubs of Canada from various cities across the country. Along with club chaperones and WestJet volunteers, the group will travel to Orlando for three days of fun at Walt Disney World Resort, “pay-it-forward” charity activities, teambuilding and leadership training.

WestJet serves Orlando, home of Walt Disney World Resort, with a total of 39 flights per week during peak winter months from Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Hamilton, London, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Halifax, Moncton and St. John’s, Nfld.

WestJet Vacations offers a variety of vacation packages to the Walt Disney World Resort. Play, stay, dine and save when you book a five- to 15-night vacation package at select Walt Disney World Resort hotels that includes Magic Your Way tickets and a Disney dining plan. Offer is valid for bookings made by February 22, 2014, for travel between January 5 and April 12, 2014.

From the USAtoday.com

Air New Zealand’s Boeing 777-300 aircraft bearing the image of the mythical dragon Smaug from the Hobbit trilogy isn’t the only magic-themed jet making its debut today

AUCKLAND, New Zealand — New Zealand’s national airline on Monday unveiled a giant image of the dragon Smaug on one of its planes to celebrate the premiere of the second movie in the Hobbit trilogy.

Air New Zealand showed the 54-meter (177-foot) image that’s featured on both sides of a Boeing 777-300 aircraft. The plane is scheduled to fly to Los Angeles in time for the premiere of The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, which screens Monday, Pacific Standard Time at the Dolby Theatre.


It was the first time fans got a chance to see director Peter Jackson’s interpretation of Smaug. In the first movie, the director revealed only the dragon’s eye.

The Hobbit trilogy was filmed in New Zealand and is based on the book of the same name by J.R.R. Tolkien.

The image is a decal, or giant sticker, produced by special effects studio Weta Digital, which also worked on the movie.


Air New Zealand spokesman Andrew Aitken said it intends to keep the decal on the plane for at least a year, until the opening of the third Hobbit movie. The airline also used a decal to celebrate the opening of the first movie.

New Zealand has sought to use the popularity of the movies as a way to market itself and boost tourism.


Guerrilla Yarn Artists combine Graffiti and Craft

Yarn crafts have been practiced for centuries, mostly by women. These needle and hook crafts can be used to create blankets, clothing, table cloths and even curtains. Knitting and crochet have now found their way into street art, as yarn graffiti.

Yarn Bombing creates Colorful Shrapnel

Crochet and knit graffiti is sometimes known as “yarn bombing”. The craft street artist will most often create their piece in the quiet of their own homes, before constructing the art work on its intended surface. Yarn graffiti is not limited to any one surface. It has been found on trees, hand rails, fences and hanging from bridges.

Magda Crochet Graffiti Artist Yarn Bombing


Grandma’s Tree Cozy

One of the more well-known yarn designs is a crochet tea cozy. These are essentially a woolen covering that is placed over a hot tea pot to keep it warm. In the images below, a similar covering has been created to cover these trees in a public park, transforming an ordinary public space into a fantastic wonderland.


Guerilla Crochet Yarn Bombing Tree Cozy


Yarn Bombed Statues

Statues appear to be one of the favorite subjects for crochet and knit artists to graffiti. These life -like representations of the human form make a perfect base for a statement, and crafters will often either dress them in crochet items in much the same way that a living person would wear crochet clothing, or pose a crafted creature with the statue. Unlike paint graffiti, these street art works don’t vandalize or damage property. The crochet art can simply be cut away and discarded.




Yarn Bomb Statue Crochet Art Craft Clothing

source:knitonesaveone Giant Yarn Squid Knitted Graffiti Statue Street Art


Barbed Wire and Doilies

Fences make ideal canvases for crochet and knit graffiti artists. These structures have plenty of places where a yarn artist can attach their crafted street art. Crochet seems to be the yarn bomber’s choice of craft for fence decoration, as it is easy to make flowers, birds, butterflies and other decorative elements in crochet.

Yarn Bomb Fence Flowers Craft Crochet Graffiti Street Art


Crochet Swpider Web Razor Barbed Wire Yarn Bomb Street Craft


Yarn Bombing / Guerrilla Crochet – A Collection

More info. More info. More info. More Yarn Bombing and Guerrilla Crochet: 1) B-Arbeiten 2) Agata Olek 3) Yarnbombing 4) Stickkontakt

Agata Oleksiak: 1978, Crotchet-Artist

A loop after a loop. Hour after hour my madness becomes crochet. Life and art are inseparable. The movies I watch while crocheting influence my work, and my work dictates the films I select. I crochet everything that enters my space. Sometimes it’s a text message, a medical report, found objects. There is the unraveling, the ephemeral part of my work that never lets me forget about the limited life of the art object and art concept. What do I intend to reveal? You have to pull the end of the yarn and unravel the story behind the crochet.

Olek Crotchet Artist

My work changes from place to place. I studied the science of culture. With a miner’s work ethic, I long to delve deeper and deeper into my investigations. My art was a development that took me away from industrial, close-minded Silesia, Poland. It has always sought to bring color and life, energy, and surprise to the living space. My goal is to produce new work and share it with the public. I intend to take advantage of living in NYC with various neighborhoods and, with my actions, create a feedback to the economic and social reality in our community.

Agata-Oleksiak-Crotchet-Artist Agata-Olek-02

Olek was born Agata Oleksiak in 1978 in Poland. In 2000, she received a BA in Cultural Studies from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland and relocated to New York City, where she is currently based. Olek’s work has been exhibited in galleries, museums and public spaces worldwide and featured in numerous publications such as TIME Magazine, The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, New York Magazine, Newsweek/Daily Beast, Village Voice, Artinfo, PBS, CNN, CBS, ABC and NBC. Olek is the recipient of the Ruth Mellon Award for sculpture in 2004, In Situ Artaq award (France) in 2011, and a grant in 2011 from the Lower Manhattan Cultural Council (LMCC) for performance in public space. Olek’s residencies have included Sculpture Space in 2005, Instituto Sacatar (Brazil) in 2009 and AAI-LES in 2010. In 2008, Olek was the winner of the Apex Art competition, which aired on PBS. In 2010, the artist was commissioned by the Brooklyn Museum of Art for a one-day interactive performance installation. In 2012, Olek was part of the 40 Under 40: Craft Futures exhibition at the Smithsonian, for which her entire crocheted studio apartment was exhibite

Agata Olek: crochet artist

More about Olek’s crotchet art: http://oleknyc.com/

Olek on Facebook.com