Salma Hayek portraits

Salma Hayek Pinault (née Hayek Jiménez; born September 2, 1966), is a Mexican and American film actress, producer, and former model. She began her career in Mexico starring in the telenovela Teresa and starred in the film El Callejón de los Milagros (Miracle Alley) for which she was nominated for an Ariel Award. In 1991 Hayek moved to Hollywood and came to prominence with roles in films such as Desperado (1995), From Dusk Till Dawn (1996), Dogma (1999), and Wild Wild West (1999).

Salma Hayek
Salma Hayek 2, 2012.jpg

Hayek in 2012
Born Salma Hayek Jiménez
September 2, 1966 (age 51)
CoatzacoalcosVeracruz, Mexico
Nationality Mexican, American
Alma mater Universidad Iberoamericana
Occupation Actress, producer, model
Years active 1988–present
Height 1.57 m (5 ft 2 in)[1]
Spouse(s) François-Henri Pinault (m. 2009)
Children 1


Salma Hayek attends the ‘Il Racconto Dei Racconti’ (‘Tale of Tales’) photocall during the 68th annual Cannes Film Festival on May 14, 2015 in Cannes, France.

Salma Hayek attends the ‘Il Racconto Dei Racconti’ (‘Tale of Tales’) photocall during the 68th annual Cannes Film Festival on May 14, 2015 in Cannes, France.

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Salma Hayek in Art

Lady of the Butterflies: Portrait of Salma Hayek (C) 2001, Acrylic on Canvas, Dimensions 24" x 30" h, Robert Rodriguez Collection

George Yepes: Lady of the Butterflies: Portrait of Salma Hayek (C) 2001, Acrylic on Canvas, Dimensions 24″ x 30″ h, Robert Rodriguez Collection

George Yepes: Lady of the Butterflies: Portrait of Salma Hayek (C) 2001, Acrylic on Canvas, Dimensions 24" x 30" h, Robert Rodriguez Collection

George Yepes: Lady of the Butterflies: Portrait of Salma Hayek (C) 2001, Acrylic on Canvas, Dimensions 24″ x 30″ h, Robert Rodriguez Collection

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MORE Canada Cover, October 2012

Salma Hayek

Salma Hayek – MORE Canada Magazine (October 2012) Photography by Alexei Hay, Article “Salma makes waves” by Johanna Schneller.

With her new film Here Comes the Boom set to hit theaters on October 12th, Salma Hayek covers the October 2012 issue of Canada’s More magazine. The actress, 46, opens up about her 5-year-old daughter Valentina, motherhood, and being “at the limit of chubbiness at all times.”

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Salma Hayek

Salma Hayek At Jason Kim Photoshoot For Evening Standard September 2015 (Read more:

Salma Hayek

Salma Hayek

SHM01. MIAMI (FL, USA), 09/07 / 2013.- An image courtesy of Sony Pictures today, Tuesday July 9, 2013, shows Mexican actress Salma Hayek in a scene from the movie "Grown Ups" in Miami (FL, USA). Hayek confessed that she had rejected "many" jobs in order to be with her family and enjoy a more homely life, and she was grateful for the support her husband and daughter provide for their careers. "To many things I said no and I do not regret it," said the actress, nominated for an Oscar for her starring role in "Frida" (2003) and who returns to the screens this Friday with the sequel "Grown Ups" " Hayek, who is also a film producer, said she has been forced to work in large productions during the summer, when her five-year-old daughter, Valentina Paloma, does not go to school. "If you realize, I only work in the summers," affirmed the actress born in Veracruz, although she recognized that outside of this time, she had only accepted work when it was "small papers". EFE / Tracy Bennett / IMAGE CEDIDA / ONLY EDITORIAL USE / NO SALES

SHM01. MIAMI (FL, USA), 09/07 / 2013.- An image courtesy of Sony Pictures today, Tuesday July 9, 2013, shows Mexican actress Salma Hayek in a scene from the movie “Grown Ups” in Miami (FL, USA). Hayek confessed that she had rejected “many” jobs in order to be with her family and enjoy a more homely life, and she was grateful for the support her husband and daughter provide for their careers. “To many things I said no and I do not regret it,” said the actress, nominated for an Oscar for her starring role in “Frida” (2003) and who returns to the screens this Friday with the sequel “Grown Ups” ” Hayek, who is also a film producer, said she has been forced to work in large productions during the summer, when her five-year-old daughter, Valentina Paloma, does not go to school. “If you realize, I only work in the summers,” affirmed the actress born in Veracruz, although she recognized that outside of this time, she had only accepted work when it was “small papers”. EFE / Tracy Bennett / IMAGE CEDIDA / ONLY EDITORIAL USE / NO SALES

Salma Hayek

Salma Hayek

Salma Hayek

Salma Hayek

Salma Hayek

Salma Hayek


Actress Salma Hayek arrives at the McQ Alexander McQueen Runway Show at the Old Sorting Office during London Fashion Week on February 20, 2012 in London, UK.  (Feb. 21, 2012 – Source: FameFlynet Pictures) more pics from this album »

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Salma Hayek covers Vogue

Beautiful female actress, Salma Hayek is the cover girl for Vogue Magazine's German edition for the month of September 2012, Photographer by Alexi Lubomirski.

Beautiful female actress, Salma Hayek is the cover girl for Vogue Magazine’s German edition for the month of September 2012, Photography by Alexi Lubomirski. More at:

The film Savages will be in cinemas come September/October across Europe. Which makes it perfect timing for Salma Hayek to land the September 2012 cover of Vogue Germany.

The film Savages will be in cinemas come September/October across Europe. Which makes it perfect timing for Salma Hayek to land the September 2012 cover of Vogue Germany.

The cover was photographed by Alexi Lubomirski.

Katy Perry

Katy Perry
Katy Perry in performance, with her left arm raised

Perry performing at the 2016 Democratic National Convention
Born Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson
October 25, 1984 (age 33)
Santa Barbara, California, U.S.
Other names
  • Katy Hudson
  • Katheryn Perry
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • actress
  • businesswoman
Net worth $125 million (2016 estimate)
Spouse(s) Russell Brand
(m. 2010; div. 2012)
Relatives Frank Perry (uncle)
Musical career
  • Vocals
  • guitar
Years active 2001–present
Associated acts The Matrix

Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson (born October 25, 1984), known professionally as Katy Perry, is an American singer and songwriter. After singing in church during her childhood, she pursued a career in gospel music as a teenager. Perry signed with Red Hill Records and released her debut studio album Katy Hudson under her birth name in 2001, which was commercially unsuccessful. She moved to Los Angeles the following year to venture into secular music after Red Hill ceased operations and she subsequently began working with producers Glen BallardDr. Luke, and Max Martin. After adopting the stage name Katy Perry and being dropped by The Island Def Jam Music Group and Columbia Records, she signed a recording contract with Capitol Records in April 2007.

Perry rose to fame in 2008 with the release of her second album, a pop rock record titled One of the Boys, and its singles “I Kissed a Girl” and “Hot n Cold“. The former track also sparked controversy for its sapphic themes. Her third album, Teenage Dream (2010), ventured into disco, and was her first number one album on the U.S. Billboard 200. It topped the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 with the singles “California Gurls“, “Teenage Dream“, “Firework“, “E.T.“, and “Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)” while “The One That Got Away” reached number 3 on the chart. The album became the first by a female artist to produce five number-one songs in the U.S., and the second overall after Michael Jackson‘s album Bad. In March 2012, she re-issued the album as Teenage Dream: The Complete Confection, which produced the songs “Part of Me” and “Wide Awake“. Her fourth album, Prism, was released in 2013, and was her second album to reach the US summit. It is influenced by pop and dance, and she became the first artist with multiple videos to reach one billion views on Vevo with the videos for its songs “Roar” and “Dark Horse“. Her 2017 fifth album, Witness, also topped the US charts and delved into electropop. Its most successful single was “Chained to the Rhythm“, which broke the record for Spotify‘s most streamed track by a female artist within 24 hours upon its release.

Perry has received many awards, including four Guinness World Records, five American Music Awards, a Brit Award, and a Juno Award, and has been included in the annual Forbes lists of highest earning women in music from 2011–2017. Her estimated net worth as of 2016 is $125 million. She is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold 100 million records globally throughout her career. In film, she released an autobiographical documentary titled Katy Perry: Part of Me in 2012, and voiced Smurfette in the 2011 film The Smurfs and its sequel in 2013.

Life and career

1984–1998: Early life

Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson was born in Santa Barbara, California, to Pentecostal pastors Mary Christine (née Perry) and Maurice Keith Hudson.[1][2] Her parents are born again Christians, each having turned to religion after a “wild youth”.[3] Perry has English, German, Irish, and Portuguese ancestry.[4] Through her mother, she is a niece of film director Frank Perry.[5] She has a younger brother named David, who is a singer,[6] and an older sister, Angela.[7] From ages 3 to 11, Perry often moved across the country as her parents set up churches before settling again in Santa Barbara. Growing up, she attended religious schools and camps, including Paradise Valley Christian School in Arizona and Santa Barbara Christian School in California during her elementary years.[2][8] Her family struggled financially,[9] sometimes using food stamps and eating from the food bank intended to feed the congregation at her parents’ church.[10]

Growing up, Perry and her siblings were not allowed to eat the cereal Lucky Charms as the term “luck” reminded their mother of Lucifer, and had to call deviled eggs “angeled eggs”.[11] Perry primarily listened to gospel music,[12] as secular music was generally discouraged in the family’s home. She discovered popular music through CDs she sneaked from her friends.[13] While not strictly identifying as religious, Perry has stated, “I pray all the time – for self-control, for humility.”[14] Following her sister Angela, Perry began singing by practicing with her sister’s cassette tapes. She performed the tracks in front of their parents, who suggested she take vocal lessons. She began training at age 9,[15] and was incorporated into her parents’ ministry,[3] singing in church from ages 9 to 17.[16] At 13, Perry was given her first guitar for her birthday,[3][17] and publicly performed songs she wrote.[9] She tried to “be a bit like the typical Californian girl” while growing up, and started rollerskating, skateboarding, and surfing as a teenager. Perry’s brother David described her as a tomboy during her adolescence.[18] She took dancing lessons and learned how to swingLindy Hop, and jitterbug.[19]

1999–2006: Career beginnings

Perry completed her General Educational Development (GED) requirements at age 15,[20] during her freshman year of high school,[21] and left Dos Pueblos High School to pursue a musical career. She briefly studied Italian opera at the Music Academy of the West in Santa Barbara. Her singing caught the attention of rock artists Steve Thomas and Jennifer Knapp from Nashville, Tennessee, who brought her there to improve her writing skills.[22] In Nashville, she started recording demos and learned how to write songs and play guitar.[12] After signing with Red Hill Records, Perry recorded her debut album, a gospel record titled Katy Hudson. She released the album on March 6, 2001, and went on tour that year as part of Phil Joel‘s Strangely Normal Tour[23][24] while also embarking on other performances of her own in the United States.[25] Katy Hudson received positive reviews from critics, though was commercially unsuccessful and sold an estimated 200 copies before the label ceased operations in December.[26][27] Transitioning from gospel music to secular music, Perry started writing songs with producer Glen Ballard,[28] and moved to Los Angeles at age 17.[29] In 2003, she briefly performed as Katheryn Perry to avoid confusion with actress Kate Hudson. She later adopted the stage name Katy Perry, using her mother’s maiden name.[30]

In 2004, Perry signed to Ballard’s label, Java, which was then affiliated with The Island Def Jam Music Group. She began work on a solo record, but the record was shelved after Java was dropped.[31] Ballard then introduced Perry to Tim Devine, an A&R executive at Columbia Records, and she was signed as a solo artist. Over the course of the next two years, Perry wrote and recorded material for her Columbia debut, and worked with songwriters including Desmond ChildGreg WellsButch WalkerScott CutlerAnne PrevenThe MatrixKara DioGuardiMax Martin and Dr. Luke.[32][33] In addition, after Devine suggested that songwriting team The Matrix become a “real group”, Perry recorded with them.[34] Perry was dropped from Columbia in 2006 as her record neared completion. After the label dropped her, she worked at an independent A&R company called Taxi Music.[35]

Perry had minor success prior to her breakthrough. One of the songs she had recorded for her album with Ballard, “Simple”, was featured on the soundtrack to the 2005 film The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants.[36] She provided backing vocals on Mick Jagger‘s song “Old Habits Die Hard“,[37] which was included on the soundtrack to the 2004 film Alfie.[38] In September 2004, Blender named Perry “The Next Big Thing”.[36] She recorded background vocals on P.O.D.‘s single “Goodbye for Now” and was featured at the end of its music video in 2006. That year, Perry also appeared in the music video for “Learn to Fly” by Carbon Leaf, and played the love interest of her then-boyfriend, Gym Class Heroes lead singer Travie McCoy, in the band’s music video for “Cupid’s Chokehold“.[39]

2007–2009: Breakthrough with One of the Boys

After Columbia dropped Perry, Angelica Cob-Baehler, then a publicity executive at the label, brought Perry’s demos to Virgin Records chairman Jason Flom. Flom was convinced that she could be a breakthrough star and she was signed to Capitol Records in April 2007. The label arranged for her to work with Dr. Luke in order to add an “undeniable smash” to her existing material.[40][41] Perry and Dr. Luke co-wrote the songs “I Kissed a Girl” and “Hot n Cold” for her second album One of the Boys. A campaign was started with the November 2007 release of the video to “Ur So Gay“, aimed at introducing her to the music market.[42] A digital EP led by “Ur So Gay” was later released to create interest.[3][43] Madonna helped publicize the song by praising the track on the JohnJay & Rich radio show in April 2008,[44] stating it was her “favorite song” at the time.[45] In March 2008, Perry made a cameo appearance as a club singer in the Wildfire episode “Life’s Too Short”[46] and appeared as herself during a photo shoot that June on The Young and the Restless for the show’s magazine Restless Style.[47]

Katy Perry performing on the Warped Tour 2008

 Perry was part of the 2008 Warped Tour lineup

Perry released her first single with Capitol, “I Kissed a Girl”, on April 28, 2008,[48] as the lead single from One of the Boys. The first station to pick up the song was WRVW in Nashville, who were inundated with enthusiastic calls the first three days they played it.[43] The track reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100.[49] “I Kissed a Girl” created controversy among both religious and LGBT groups. The former criticized its homosexual themes while the latter accused her of using bi-curiosity to sell records. In response to speculation that her parents opposed her music and career, Perry told MTV that they had no problems with her success.[50] One of the Boys, released on June 17, 2008, garnered mixed critical reviews and reached number nine on the US Billboard 200.[51][52] The album went on to sell 7 million copies worldwide.[53] “Hot n Cold” was released the following September[54] and became the album’s second successful single, reaching number three on the Billboard Hot 100[55] while topping charts in Germany,[56] Canada,[57] the Netherlands[58] and Austria.[59] Later singles “Thinking of You” and “Waking Up in Vegas” were released in 2009[60][61] and reached the top 30 of the Hot 100.[55] The Matrix’s self-titled debut album, which Perry had recorded with the band in 2004, was released onto iTunes on January 27, 2009, as a result of her solo success.[38][62]

After finishing the 2008 Warped Tour,[63] Perry hosted the 2008 MTV Europe Music Awards in November 2008, where she won the award for Best New Act.[64] At the 2009 Brit Awards, she also won the award for International Female Solo Artist.[65] Perry embarked on her first headlining world tour, the Hello Katy Tour, from January to November 2009 to support One of the Boys.[66] On August 4, 2009, she performed as opening act for one date of No Doubt‘s Summer Tour 2009.[67] Perry also hosted the 2009 MTV Europe Music Awards in November 2009, becoming the first person to host two consecutive ceremonies of the European awards.[68] On July 22, 2009, Perry recorded a live album titled MTV Unplugged, which featured acoustic performances of five tracks from One of the Boys as well as two new songs: “Brick by Brick” and “Hackensack”.[69] It was released on November 17, 2009.[70] Perry also appeared on two singles with other artists; she was featured on a remix of Colorado-based band 3OH!3‘s song “Starstrukk” in September 2009,[71] and on a duet with Timbaland entitled “If We Ever Meet Again“, from his album Shock Value II, in January 2010.[72][73] The Guinness World Records recognized her in its 2010 edition as the “Best Start on the U.S. Digital Chart by a Female Artist”, for digital single sales of over two million copies.[74]

After her relationship with Travis McCoy ended in December 2008,[75] Perry met her future husband Russell Brand in the summer of 2009 while filming a cameo appearance for his film Get Him to the Greek. Her scene, in which the two kiss, does not appear in the film.[76] She began dating Brand after meeting him again that September at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards.[77] The couple became engaged on December 31, 2009, while vacationing in Rajasthan, India.[78]

2010–2012: Teenage Dream and marriage

After serving as a guest judge on American Idol,[79] Perry released “California Gurls” featuring Snoop Dogg on May 7, 2010.[80] The song was the lead single from her third studio album, Teenage Dream, and reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 in June.[81]She also served as a guest judge on The X Factor UK later that month[82] before releasing the album’s second single, “Teenage Dream“, in July.[83] “Teenage Dream” reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 in September.[84] Released on August 24, 2010,[85]Teenage Dream debuted at number one on the Billboard 200,[86] and received mixed reviews from music critics.[87] It has since sold 6 million copies worldwide.[88] Teenage Dream would go on to win the 2011 Juno Award for International Album of the Year.[89] In October, “Firework” was released as the album’s third single.[90] It became the album’s third consecutive number one on the Billboard Hot 100 on December 8, 2010.[91]

E.T.” featuring Kanye West was released as the fourth single from Teenage Dream on February 16, 2011.[92] It topped the Billboard Hot 100 for five non-consecutive weeks, making Teenage Dream the ninth album in history to produce four number one singles on the chart.[93] “Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)” followed as the fifth single in June,[94] and Perry became the first female artist to achieve five number-one Billboard Hot 100 songs from one album when the single topped that chart on August 17, and the second artist after Michael Jackson with his album Bad.[95] For this record, she received an honorary American Music Award in November 2011[96] and a 2013 Guinness World Record.[97] On September 7, she set a new record by becoming the first artist to spend 69 consecutive weeks in the top ten of the Hot 100.[98] In October, “The One That Got Away” was released as the album’s sixth single.[99] The song peaked at number three in the US[100] and number two in Canada.[57] On January 5, 2012, Perry was named the sixth best-selling digital artist in the United States, with sales of 37.6 million units according to Nielsen SoundScan.[101] That month, she became the first artist to have four songs sell over 5 million digital units.[102] On February 13, Capitol released the lead single from Teenage Dream: The Complete Confection, “Part of Me“, which debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and became Perry’s seventh single overall to top the chart.[103] Teenage Dream: The Complete Confection was released on March 23.[104] “Wide Awake” was released on May 22 as the re-release’s second single,[105] peaking at number two on the Billboard Hot 100[100] and number one in Canada[57] and New Zealand.[106]

Katy Perry performing during the California Dreams Tour

 Perry’s California Dreams Tour grossed $59.5 million

Perry embarked on her second tour, the California Dreams Tour, in support of Teenage Dream[66] from February 2011 to January 2012.[107] The tour grossed $59.5 million globally[108] and won her the award for Best Live Act at the 2011 MTV Europe Music Awards.[109] On September 23, 2011, she performed on the opening day of the 2011 Rock in Rio festival along with Elton John and Rihanna.[110] In September 2010, Perry was scheduled to appear on the 41st-season premiere of Sesame Street. After her scene was uploaded to YouTube, viewers criticized Perry’s exposed cleavage. Four days before the scheduled airing, Sesame Workshop announced that the segment would not air on television, but would still be available to watch online.[111] Perry subsequently mocked the controversy on Saturday Night Live, where she was a musical guest and wore an Elmo-themed shirt showing large amounts of cleavage during one skit.[112]

In December 2010, Perry played Moe Szyslak‘s girlfriend in the live-action segment from a Christmas episode of The Simpsons titled “The Fight Before Christmas“.[113][114] In February 2011, she made a guest appearance on the How I Met Your Mother episode “Oh Honey“, playing a woman known as Honey.[115] The role won her the People’s Choice Award for Favorite TV Guest Star in January 2012.[116] She made her film debut in the 3D family motion picture The Smurfs as Smurfette on July 29, 2011. The film was a financial success worldwide,[117] while critics gave mostly negative reviews.[118] She hosted Saturday Night Live on December 10, 2011, with Robyn as the episode’s musical guest. Perry’s work on the episode received generally positive reviews from critics, who praised her performance in the episode’s digital short featuring her and Andy Samberg.[119] In March 2012, she guest starred as a prison security guard named Rikki on the Raising Hope episode “Single White Female Role Model”.[120] On July 5, 2012, Perry’s autobiographical documentary Katy Perry: Part of Me was released to theaters through Paramount Pictures.[121][122] The film received positive reviews[123] and grossed $32.7 million worldwide at the box office.[124]

Perry began to venture into business when she endorsed her first fragrance, Purr, in November 2010. Her second fragrance, Meow!, was released in December 2011. Both perfumes were released through Nordstrom department stores.[125][126] Electronic Arts recruited her to promote their new expansion pack for The Sims 3: Showtime,[127] before releasing a separate stuff pack featuring Perry-inspired furniture, outfits, and hairstyles, titled The Sims 3: Katy Perry’s Sweet Treats, in June 2012.[128] The following month, she became the spokesperson and ambassador for Popchips and made an investment in the company.[129] Billboard dubbed her as their “Woman of the Year” for 2012.[130]

She married Russell Brand on October 23, 2010 in a traditional Hindu ceremony near the Ranthambhore tiger sanctuary in Rajasthan, India.[131] Brand announced on December 30, 2011 that they were divorcing after 14 months of marriage.[132] Perry later stated that conflicting career schedules and his desire to have children before she was ready led to the end of their marriage,[133] and that he never spoke to her again after sending a text message that he was divorcing her[134] while Brand asserted that he divorced her due to her commercial success and reluctance to engage in activism.[135] She was initially distraught over their divorce, and said that she contemplated suicide.[136][137] After the marriage ended in 2012,[138] Perry began a relationship with singer John Mayer that August.[139]

2013–2015: Prism and Super Bowl XLIX halftime show

In November 2012, Perry began work on her fourth album, Prism. She told Billboard, “I know exactly the record I want to make next. I know the artwork, the coloring and the tone” and “I even know what type of tour I’m doing next. I’ll be very pleased if the vision I have in my head becomes a reality.”[140] Although she told L’Uomo Vogue in June 2012 that she planned to have “darker elements” in Prism following the end of her marriage,[141] Perry revealed to MTV during the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards that she changed the album’s direction after periods of self-reflection. She commented “I felt very prismatic”, which inspired the album’s name.[142] “Roar” was released as the lead single from Prism on August 10, 2013.[143] It was promoted at the MTV Video Music Awards and reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[144][145] “Unconditionally” was released as the second single from Prism on October 16, 2013,[146] and peaked at number 14 in the United States.[147]

Katy Perry performing in a pink cloak, during the Prismatic World Tour

 Perry performing during the Prismatic World Tour in July 2014

Prism was released on October 18, 2013, and has sold 4 million copies as of August 2015.[148] It received favorable reviews from critics[149] and debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 chart.[150] Four days later, Perry performed the songs from the album at the iHeartRadio Theater in Los Angeles.[151] “Dark Horse” with Juicy J was released as the album’s third single in December, and became her ninth U.S. number-one single the following month.[152][153] In 2014, “Birthday” and “This Is How We Do” respectively followed as the album’s fourth and fifth singles,[154][155] and reached the top 25 on the Hot 100.[55] Prior to ending her relationship with Mayer in February 2014,[156][157] she recorded and co-wrote a duet with him titled “Who You Love” for his album Paradise Valley. The song was released on August 12, 2013.[158] Perry’s third headlining tour, the Prismatic World Tour, began in May 2014[107] and concluded in October 2015.[148] It sold almost 2 million tickets and grossed $204.3 million worldwide[159] and won Perry the award for “Top Package” at the 2014 Billboard Touring Awards.[160] She also performed at the 2015 Rock in Rio festival on September 27, 2015.[161]

On November 23, 2014, the NFL announced that Perry would perform at the Super Bowl XLIX halftime show on February 1, 2015.[162] Lenny Kravitz and Missy Elliott served as special guests for the show.[163] Her performance was critically acclaimed,[164] and the Guinness World Records announced two days after the singer’s halftime show that it garnered 118.5 million viewers in the United States, becoming the most watched and highest rated show in Super Bowl history. The viewership was higher than the game itself, which was viewed by an audience of 114.4 million.[165]

The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) ranked her fifth on the list of Top Global Recording Artists of 2013.[166] On June 26, 2014, she was declared the Top Certified Digital Artist Ever by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for certified sales of 72 million digital singles in the United States.[167][168] In May 2014, a portrait of Perry by painter Mark Ryden was featured in his exhibition “The Gay 90s”, and shown at the Kohn Gallery in Los Angeles. Along with several other artists, she also recorded a cover version of the song “Daisy Bell (Bicycle Built for Two)” on a limited-edition concept album titled The Gay Nineties Old Tyme Music: Daisy Bell to accompany the exhibition.[169] That month, a portrait of Perry by artist Will Cotton was included in the United States National Portrait Gallery.[170] On November 23, 2015, Perry starred in H&M‘s holiday advertising campaign, for which she wrote and recorded a song titled “Every Day Is a Holiday“.[171][172]

On June 17, 2014, Perry announced that she had founded her own record label under Capitol Records, titled Metamorphosis Music. Ferras was the first artist to get signed to her label, and Perry served as an executive producer on his self-titled EP. She also recorded a duet with him on the EP, titled “Legends Never Die”.[173] The label was later renamed Unsub Records.[174]

Outside of her music career, Perry reprised her role as Smurfette in The Smurfs 2, which was released in theaters on July 31, 2013.[175] Like its predecessor, The Smurfs 2 was a financial success[176] but was panned by critics.[177] In March 2014, she made a guest appearance playing herself in the episode “Blisteritos Presents Dad Academy Graduation Congraduritos Red Carpet Viewing Party” of the Kroll Show.[178] Killer Queen was released as her third fragrance in August 2013 through Coty, Inc.[179] In January 2014, she became a guest curator of Madonna’s Art for Freedom initiative.[180] In March 2015, she appeared in Brand: A Second Coming, a documentary following her ex-husband Russell Brand’s transition from comedy work to activism,[135] and released a concert film titled Katy Perry: The Prismatic World Tour through Epix, which took place during her tour of the same name.[122] Perry also made a cameo appearance in the music video for Madonna’s song “Bitch I’m Madonna” in June 2015.[181] The following month, she released another fragrance with Coty, entitled Mad Potion.[182] In September 2015, she appeared in the documentaries Katy Perry: Making of the Pepsi Super Bowl Halftime Show, which followed Perry’s preparation for her Super Bowl performance,[183] and Jeremy Scott: The People’s Designer, which followed the life and career of designer Jeremy Scott.[184] Perry released a mobile app titled Katy Perry Pop in December 2015 through Glu Mobile where her character helps players become famous musicians.[185] She described it as “the most fun, colorful world that helps guide your musical dreams”.[186]

2016–present: Witness and American Idol

Perry started writing songs for a new album in June 2016.[187] She recorded an anthem for NBC Sports‘s coverage of the 2016 Summer Olympics titled “Rise“, which was released the following month. Perry chose to release it as a standalone track rather than save it for her album “because now more than ever, there is a need for our world to unite”. NBC also felt its message spoke “directly to the spirit of the Olympics and its athletes” for its inspirational themes.[188] The song reached number one in Australia[189] and number eleven in the United States.[55]

Perry in a blue dazzling blouse and short cropped hair singing onstage

 Perry performing on Witness: The Tour in October 2017

In August 2016, Perry stated that she aspired to create material “that connects and relates and inspires”[190] and told Ryan Seacrest that she was “not rushing” her fifth album, adding “I’m just having a lot of fun, but experimenting and trying different producers, and different collaborators, and different styles”.[191] On February 10, 2017, Perry released the album’s lead single with Skip Marley titled “Chained to the Rhythm“,[192][193] which reached number one in Hungary[194] and number four in the United States.[55] The track was also streamed over 3 million streams on Spotify within 24 hours, breaking its record for the highest first-day streaming for a single track by a female artist.[195] The album’s second single, “Bon Appétit“, features Migos and was released that April.[196] Its third single, “Swish Swish” featuring Nicki Minaj, followed the next month.[197] They respectively peaked at numbers 59 and 46 in the United States,[55] and made the top 15 in Canada.[57]

The album, titled Witness, was released on June 9, 2017 to mixed reviews,[198] and debuted at number one in the United States.[199] To accompany the album’s release, Perry broadcast herself on YouTube for four days with a live-stream titled Katy Perry Live: Witness World Wide, concluding with a live concert on June 12.[200] The live-stream generated over 49 million views from 190 different countries,[201] and a behind-the-scenes special for it titled Will You Be My Witness? premiered on YouTube Red the following October.[202] She also embarked on Witness: The Tour, which began in September 2017 and is scheduled to end in August 2018.[203] On June 15, Calvin Harris released a song titled “Feels” featuring Perry, Big Sean, and Pharrell Williams from his album Funk Wav Bounces Vol. 1,[204] which reached number one in the United Kingdom.[205]

Outside of recording music, Perry appeared as herself in the film Zoolander 2, which was released in February 2016.[206][207] In February 2017, the singer launched a shoe line titled “Katy Perry Collections”.[208] The following August, she hosted the 2017 MTV Video Music Awards.[209] Perry was signed for a $25-million salary to serve as a judge on ABC‘s revival of American Idol, due for broadcast in March 2018.[210][211]



Alanis Morissette playing guitar
Freddie Mercury performing
Alanis Morissette (left) and Freddie Mercury (right) both significantly influenced Perry and her music

During the early stages of her career, Perry’s musical style gravitated towards gospel and she aspired to be as successful as Amy Grant.[212] At the age of 15, she heard Queen‘s “Killer Queen,” which inspired her to pursue a career in music.[213] She cites the band’s frontman, Freddie Mercury, as her biggest influence and expressed how the “combination of his sarcastic approach to writing lyrics and his ‘I don’t give a fuck’ attitude” inspired her music.[214] She paid homage to the band by naming her third fragrance Killer Queen.[179] Perry described The Beach Boys and their album Pet Sounds as having a considerable influence on her music: “Pet Sounds is one of my favorite records and it influenced pretty much all of my songwriting. All of the melody choices that I make are because of Pet Sounds.”[215] The singer also holds the Beatles‘ album The Beatles in high esteem, and described these two albums as “the only things I listened to for probably two years straight.”[216]

Perry cites Alanis Morissette and her 1995 album Jagged Little Pill as a significant musical inspiration, and opted to work with Morissette’s frequent collaborator Ballard as a result. Perry stated, “Jagged Little Pill was the most perfect female record ever made. There’s a song for anyone on that record; I relate to all those songs. They’re still so timeless.” Additionally, Perry borrows influence from Flaming Red by Patty Griffin and 10 Cent Wings by Jonatha Brooke.[217] Perry intends to become “more of a Joni Mitchell“, releasing folk and acoustic music.[218] Perry’s autobiographical documentary Katy Perry: Part of Me was largely influenced by Madonna: Truth or Dare. She admires Madonna’s ability to reinvent herself, saying “I want to evolve like Madonna”,[219] and has credited Madonna for inspiring her to make Prism “darker” than her previous material.[220]

Perry names Björk as an influence, particularly admiring her “willingness to always be taking chances”.[217] Other musicians who Perry has cited as influences include ABBAThe Cardigans,[221] Cyndi Lauper,[222] Ace of Base3OH!3,[223] CeCe PenistonC+C Music FactoryBlack BoxCrystal WatersMariah Carey,[218] Heart, Joni Mitchell, Paul SimonImogen HeapRufus Wainwright,[224] Pink,[225] and Gwen Stefani.[217] “Firework” was inspired by a passage in the book On the Road by Jack Kerouac in which the author compares people who are full of life to fireworks that shoot across the sky and make people watch in awe.[226] Her second concert tour, the California Dreams Tour, was reminiscent of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.[227] She also credits the 1996 movie The Craft for inspiring her song “Dark Horse”,[228] and Eckhart Tolle‘s book The Power of Now for influencing Prism.[136]

Musical style and themes

“When I am in between records, sometimes I doubt myself. I’ll be like ‘Did I just get lucky, or did I mass-manipulate the world into thinking that seven songs were worth a number-one position?’ And then I go back into the studio and I start writing, and the true essential oil of who I am comes bubbling back up and reminds me that it’s always been inside of me, that nobody can take this away no matter what comment anyone makes.”

—Perry on her confidence as a songwriter[229]

While Perry’s music incorporates poprock, and discoKaty Hudson contains gospel. Her subsequent releases, One of the Boys and Teenage Dream, involve themes of sex and love. One of the Boys is a pop rock record, while Teenage Dream features disco influences.[230][231] Perry’s fourth album, Prism, is significantly influenced by dance and pop music. Lyrically, the album addresses relationships, self-reflection, and everyday life.[232] The singer’s fifth studio effort Witness is an electropop album that she described as a “360-degree liberation” record, with themes including political liberation, sexual liberation, and liberation from negativity.[233][234] Many of her songs, particularly on Teenage Dream, reflect on love between teenagers; W described the album’s sexual innuendos as “irresistible hook-laden melodies”.[29] Self-empowerment is a common theme in Perry’s music.[235]

Perry describes herself as a “singer-songwriter masquerading as a pop star”[236] and maintains that honest songwriting is very important to her. She told Marie Claire: “I feel like my secret magic trick that separates me from a lot of my peers is the bravery to be vulnerable and truthful and honest. I think you become more relatable when you’re vulnerable.”[14] Kristen Wiig commented that “as easy, breezy, and infectious as Perry’s songs can be, beneath the surface lurks a sea of mixed emotions, jumbled motives, and contradictory impulses complicated enough to fill a Carole King record.”[216] According to Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune, “being taken seriously may be Perry’s greatest challenge yet.”[237] The New York Times labeled her “the most potent pop star of the day – her hits are relatable with just a hint of experimentation”.[238] Randall Roberts of the Los Angeles Times criticized her use of idioms and metaphors in her lyrics and for frequent “clichés”.[239] Throughout her career, Perry has co-written songs recorded by other artists, including Selena Gomez & the Scene,[240][241] Jessie James,[242] Kelly Clarkson,[243]Lesley Roy,[244] Britney Spears,[245] Iggy Azalea,[246] Ariana Grande and Nicki Minaj.[247]


Perry has a contralto vocal range.[248][249] Her singing has received both praise and criticism. Betty Clarke of The Guardian commented that her “powerful voice is hard-edged”[250] while Rob Sheffield from Rolling Stone described Perry’s vocals on Teenage Dream as “processed staccato blips”.[231] Darren Harvey of musicOMH compared Perry’s vocals on One of the Boys to Alanis Morissette’s, both possessing a “perky voice shifting octaves mid-syllable”.[251] Alex Miller from NME felt that “Perry’s problem is often her voice” on One of the Boys, stating that “somewhere along the line someone convinced her she was like, well, a ballsy rock chick”.[252] Conversely, Bernadette McNulty from The Daily Telegraph praised her “rock chick voice” in a review of a concert promoting Prism.[253]

Public image

Perry performing in a dress decorated with peppermint swirls

 Perry’s characteristic spinning peppermint swirl dress

Perry is considered a sex symbolGQ labelled her a “full-on male fantasy”,[9] while Elle described her body “as though sketched by a teenage boy”.[21] Vice described her as a “‘serious’ popstar/woman/sex symbol”.[254] She was placed at number one on the Maxim Hot 100 in 2010 as the “most beautiful woman in the world”, with editor Joe Levy describing her as a “triple – no quadruple – kind of hot”.[255] Men’s Health readers voted her the “sexiest woman of 2013”.[256]In November 2010, Perry told Harper’s Bazaar that she was proud of and satisfied with her figure.[257]

Perry’s fashion often incorporates humor, bright colors, and food-related themes[258] such as her trademark spinning peppermint swirl dress.[259] Vogue described her as “never exactly one to shy away from the outrageous or the extreme in any realm”,[260] while Glamour named her the “queen of quirk”.[261] In February 2009, Perry told Seventeen that her fashion style was “a bit of a concoction of different things” and stated she enjoyed humor in her clothing.[262]She has also described herself as having “multipersonality disorder” for fashion.[257] Perry lists Gwen Stefani, Shirley MansonChloë SevignyDaphne GuinnessNatalie Portman, and the fictional character Lolita as her style icons.[29][263]

On social media, Perry surpassed Justin Bieber as the most followed person on Twitter in November 2013.[264] She won the 2015 Guinness World Record for most Twitter followers,[265] and became the first person to gain 100 million followers on the site in June 2017.[266] Keith Caulfield of Billboard stated that the singer is “the rare celebrity who seems to have enormous popularity but genuine ground-level interaction with her adoring KatyCats.”[267] With a combined total of over 245 million followers across FacebookInstagram, and Twitter, she is the fourth most followed musician across social media.[268] In June 2017, Time listed Perry among its “25 Most Influential People on the Internet” of the year, writing that her live-stream for Witness was “blazing a trail” for being “the closest any major entertainer has come to giving fans the kind of ‘real’ intimacy that social media purports to provide”.[269]

In 2011, Forbes ranked Perry third on their “Top-Earning Women In Music” list with earnings of $44 million[270] and fifth on their 2012 list with $45 million.[271] She subsequently ranked seventh on the 2013 Forbes list for “Top-Earning Women In Music” with $39 million earned,[272] and fifth on their 2014 list with $40 million.[273] With earnings of $135 million, Forbes also ranked Perry number one on their 2015 “Top-Earning Women In Music” list as well as the “World’s Highest-Paid Musicians” and declared her the highest earning female celebrity in 2015, placing her at number 3 on the Forbes Celebrity 100 list.[274] In 2016, the magazine estimated her net worth was $125 million,[275] and ranked her number six on the their list of “Highest-Paid Women in Music” with earnings of $41 million.[276] The following year, she was ranked number nine on the list with $33 million.[277]

Other ventures


Perry posing for photographers at a UNICEF gala

 Perry became a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in December 2013

Perry has supported various charitable organizations and causes during her career. She has contributed to organizations aimed at improving the lives and welfare of children in particular. In April 2013, she joined UNICEF to assist children in Madagascar with education and nutrition.[278] On December 3, 2013, she was officially named a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, “with a special focus on engaging young people in the agency’s work to improve the lives of the world’s most vulnerable children and adolescents.”[279] She arranged for a portion of the money generated from tickets to her Prismatic World Tour to go to UNICEF.[280] In September 2010, she helped build and design the Boys Hope/Girls Hope foundation shelter for youth in Baltimore, Maryland along with Raven-SymonéShaquille O’Neal, and the cast of Extreme Makeover: Home Edition.[281]

She has also supported children’s education and well-being. All profits from sales of the album The Gay Nineties Old Tyme Music: Daisy Bell, which includes her rendition of “Daisy Bell (Bicycle Built for Two)”, were donated to the charity Little Kids Rock, which supports musical education in underprivileged elementary schools.[169] In June 2014, she teamed up with Staples Inc. for a project entitled “Make Roar Happen” which donated $1 million to DonorsChoose, an organization that supports teachers and funds classroom resources in public schools.[282] In May 2016, she worked with UNICEF to improve child care quality in Vietnam, hoping to “break the cycle of poverty and drastically improve children’s health, education and well-being”.[283] The following month, UNICEF announced that Perry would receive the Audrey Hepburn Humanitarian Award “for her work as a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in support of the world’s most vulnerable children” at their annual Snowflake Ball in November.[284]

Perry has supported organizations aimed at aiding people suffering with diseases including cancer and HIV/AIDS. During the 2008 Warped Tour, she had a cast made of her breasts to raise money for the Keep A Breast Foundation.[285]She hosted and performed at the We Can Survive concert along with Bonnie McKeeKacey MusgravesSara BareillesEllie Goulding, and duo Tegan and Sara at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, California, on October 23, 2013. The concert’s profits were donated to Young Survival Coalition, an organization aiding breast cancer in young women.[286] In June 2009, she designed an item of clothing for H&M‘s “Fashion Against AIDS” campaign, which raises money for HIV/AIDS awareness projects.[287] On February 26, 2017, she served as a co-chair alongside various celebrities such as BeyoncéLea MicheleJim CarreyJared Leto, and Kevin Spacey for the 25th Annual Elton John AIDS Foundation Academy Award Party, a fundraiser for HIV/AIDS healthcare.[288]

The proceeds from Perry’s single “Part of Me” were donated to the charity MusiCares, which helps musicians in times of need.[289] During her California Dreams Tour, she raised over $175,000 for the Tickets-For-Charity fundraiser. The money was divided between three charities: the Children’s Health Fund (CHF), Generosity Water, and The Humane Society of the United States.[290] On her 27th birthday, Perry set up a donations page for the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Auckland,[291] and set up a similar page benefiting the David Lynch Foundation for her 28th birthday.[292] On March 29, 2014, she helped raise $2.4 million for the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles along with other celebrities such as Ryan SeacrestPharrell WilliamsTim AllenLisa Edelstein, and Riley Keough.[293]

Perry performed at the One Love Manchester benefit concert for the victims of the 2017 Manchester Arena bombing amongst various other performers including its organizer Ariana Grande, which was broadcast live on June 4, 2017 through radio and various television stations throughout the world.[294]


Hillary Clinton and Perry pose with hands connected at a fundraising concert

 Perry performed at multiple ceremonies for Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton during her 2016 campaign

Perry is a LGBT rights activist. She supported Stonewall during their “It gets better….. today” campaign to prevent homophobic bullying,[295] and dedicated the music video to her song “Firework” to the It Gets Better Project.[296] Perry told Do Something in November 2008 she was proud to be a gay activist, saying “I’ve always been a very open-minded person, but I definitely believe in equality.” She confirmed that she voted against Proposition 8, an amendment (ultimately ruled unconstitutional) that legally defined marriage as a union solely between a man and a woman in California.[297] In June 2012, Perry expressed her hopes for LGBT equality, commenting “hopefully, we will look back at this moment and think like we do now concerning [other] civil rights issues. We’ll just shake our heads in disbelief, saying, ‘Thank God we’ve evolved.’ That would be my prayer for the future.”[298] In December 2012, Perry was awarded the Trevor Hero Award by The Trevor Project for her work and activism on behalf of LGBT youth.[299] On March 18, 2017, she received a Nation Equality Award from Human Rights Campaign for “using her powerful voice and international platform to speak out for LGBTQ equality”, with the organization further stating that “Katy’s message of inclusion and equality continues to inspire us and the world”.[300]

Perry describes herself as a feminist,[301] and appeared in April 2013 in a video clip for the “Chime For Change” campaign that aimed to spread female empowerment.[302] She has also said that America’s lack of free health care drove her “absolutely crazy”.[303] Following the shooting at the Pulse nightclub in Orlando in June 2016, Perry and nearly 200 other artists and executives in music signed an open letter organized by Billboard addressed to United States Congress demanding increased gun control in the United States.[304]

Through Twitter and by performing at his rallies, Perry supported President Barack Obama in his run for re-election and praised his support for same-sex marriage[305] and LGBT equality.[306] She performed at three rallies for Obama, in Los Angeles, Las Vegas, and Wisconsin, singing a rendition of “Let’s Stay Together” as well as a number of her songs. During her Las Vegas performance she wore a dress made to replicate a voting ballot, with Obama’s box filled in.[307] On Twitter, she encouraged her followers to vote for Obama.[308]

In August 2013, Perry voiced criticism of Tony Abbott, then-leader of conservative Liberal Party of Australia and candidate for Prime Minister of Australia, due to his opposition to gay marriage and told Abbott, “I love you as a human being but I can’t give you my vote.”[309] In April 2014, she publicly supported Marianne Williamson in her campaign for California’s 33rd congressional district by attending a political press event.[310] She endorsed Kamala Harris in the United States Senate election in California, and organized a fundraiser for Harris at her home in Los Angeles in November 2016.[311] Perry also publicly endorsed former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton for president in 2016.[312][313]She performed alongside Elton John at a fundraising concert for Clinton in New York City in March 2016.[314] Perry also spoke and performed at the 2016 Democratic National Convention in support of Clinton.[315]


Throughout her career, Perry has won five American Music Awards,[316] fourteen People’s Choice Awards,[317] four Guinness World Records,[74][97][165][265] a Brit Award,[65] and a Juno Award.[89] In September 2012, Billboard dubbed her the “Woman of the Year”.[130]From May 2010 to September 2011, the singer spent a record-breaking total of 69 consecutive weeks in the top ten of the Billboard Hot 100.[98][318] Teenage Dream became the first album by a female artist to produce five number-one Billboard Hot 100 singles, and the second album overall after Michael Jackson’s Bad.[95] In the United States, she has accumulated a total of nine number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100, her most recent being “Dark Horse”,[153] and holds the record for having 18 consecutive number-one songs on the Dance Club Songs chart.[319] Billboard also named her the 15th most successful dance club artist of all time.[320] The magazine additionally ranked her 4th on its “Greatest of All Time Pop Songs Artists” list,[321] included Teenage Dream and Prism among its “Greatest of All Time Billboard 200 Albums by Women” list,[322] and ranked “Dark Horse” at number 100 on its “Greatest of All Time Hot 100 Songs”[323] as well as one of its “Greatest of All Time Hot 100 Songs by Women” along with “E.T.”, “Firework”, and “California Gurls”.[324] In June 2015, her music video for “Dark Horse” became the first video by a female artist to reach 1 billion views on Vevo.[325][326] The following month, her music video for “Roar” reached 1 billion views on Vevo, making her the first artist to have multiple videos with 1 billion views.[327]

Perry was declared the Top Global Female Recording Artist of 2013 by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI).[166] According to Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), she is the third best-selling digital singles artist in the United States, with certified sales of 91.5 million digital singles including on-demand streaming.[328] She also became the first artist to have three songs receive Diamond certifications from the RIAA with “Dark Horse”, “Firework”, and “Roar”.[329] All three of them and “E.T.”, “California Gurls”, and “Hot n Cold” have each sold over 5 million digital copies.[330] Throughout her career, Perry has sold 100 million records globally,[331][332] and is one of the best-selling music artists of all time.[333]






  • Strangely Normal Tour (with Phil Joel) (2001)

See also



  1. Jump up^ Perry 2012, 05:23.
  2. Jump up to:a b Friedlander 2012, p. 15
  3. Jump up to:a b c d Graff, Gary (February 21, 2009). “Interview: Katy Perry – Hot N Bold”The ScotsmanArchived from the original on March 7, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2009.
  4. Jump up^ Cowlin 2014, pp. 11; 51
  5. Jump up^ Robinson, Lisa (May 3, 2011). “Katy Perry’s Grand Tour”Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on October 25, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  6. Jump up^ Martins, Chris (September 4, 2012). “7 Questions With David Hudson: His Movement, The Music & Advice From Big Sister Katy Perry”SpinArchived from the original on May 2, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
  7. Jump up^ Friedlander 2012, p. 7
  8. Jump up^ Masley, Ed (January 9, 2015). “Katy Perry talks Super Bowl, Scottsdale childhood”The Arizona Republic. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  9. Jump up to:a b c Wallace, Amy (January 19, 2014). “Katy Perry’s GQ Cover Story”GQArchived from the original on February 7, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  10. Jump up^ Grigoriadis, Vanessa (August 19, 2010). “Sex, God & Katy Perry”Rolling StoneArchived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  11. Jump up^ Hudson 2012, p. 27
  12. Jump up to:a b Montgomery, James (June 24, 2008). “Katy Perry Dishes on Her ‘Long And Winding Road’ From Singing Gospel To Kissing Girls”MTV NewsArchived from the original on May 2, 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
  13. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Discusses Evangelical Childhood, Term ‘Deviled Eggs’ Banned from House”Billboard. May 4, 2011. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  14. Jump up to:a b Hoffman, Claire (December 9, 2013). “Katy Conquers All”Marie ClaireArchived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  15. Jump up^ Friedlander 2012, p. 8
  16. Jump up^ Hudson 2012, p. 41
  17. Jump up^ Friedlander 2012, p. 18
  18. Jump up^ Hudson 2012, p. 25
  19. Jump up^ Summers 2012, p. 37
  20. Jump up^ Spencer, Amy (January 6, 2010). “Katy Perry (she kisses boys, too!)”GlamourArchived from the original on August 11, 2014. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  21. Jump up to:a b Hudson, Kathryn (August 29, 2013). “Katy Perry: Elle Canada Interview”ElleArchived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  22. Jump up^ Hudson 2012, p. 37
  23. Jump up^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas“Katy Hudson – Katy Hudson”AllMusicArchived from the original on December 26, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  24. Jump up^ Monroe, Blaire (September 17, 2015). “Remember When Katy Perry Was a Christian Music Artist?”ComplexArchived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
  25. Jump up^ “Katy’s tour info”. Archived from the original on August 16, 2001.
  26. Jump up^ Summers 2012, pp. 10–11
  27. Jump up^ Price, Deborah Evans (December 1, 2001). “Doors close in Pamplin’s beleaguered music division”Billboard. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
  28. Jump up^ Perry 2012, 21:11.
  29. Jump up to:a b c Hirschberg, Lynn (October 22, 2013). “Katy Perry”W. Archived from the original on October 25, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  30. Jump up^ Perry 2012, 38:33.
  31. Jump up^ Conniff, Tamara (December 25, 2004). “I’ve Stopped Asking for Permission . I’d Rather Ask for Forgiveness”Billboard. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  32. Jump up^ Blumenrath, Jan (October 18, 2010). “Interview with Chris Anokute”HitQuartersArchived from the original on April 17, 2015. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  33. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Cover Story”Billboard. July 3, 2010. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  34. Jump up^ Hochman, Steve (February 15, 2004). “Making a production of it”Los Angeles TimesArchived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  35. Jump up^ Summers 2012, pp. 11–12
  36. Jump up to:a b Summers 2012, p. 11
  37. Jump up^ “Mick Jagger says he never hit on 18-year-old Katy Perry”USA Today. October 31, 2013. Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  38. Jump up to:a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. “Katy Perry”. AllMusic. Archived from the original on November 4, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  39. Jump up^ Music video guest appearances:
  40. Jump up^ “Correction to the interview with Chris Anokute”. HitQuarters. January 21, 2011. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  41. Jump up^ Mervis, Scott (July 21, 2014). “Katy Perry’s star keeps rising”Pittsburgh Post-GazetteArchived from the original on July 23, 2014. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  42. Jump up^ Friedlander 2012, pp. 58; 61
  43. Jump up to:a b “Interview With Chris Anokute”. HitQuarters. October 18, 2010. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  44. Jump up^ Summers 2012, pp. 38–39
  45. Jump up^ Friedlander 2012, p. 61
  46. Jump up^ Summers 2012, p. 61
  47. Jump up^ Summers 2012, p. 99
  48. Jump up^ “I Kissed a Girl”Rolling Stone. July 30, 2014. Archivedfrom the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved October 24,2014.
  49. Jump up^ Cohen, Jonathan (August 14, 2008). “Rihanna Topples Katy Perry on Hot 100”BillboardArchived from the original on July 31, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
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  51. Jump up^ One of the Boys by Katy Perry”Metacritic. Archived from the original on November 14, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  52. Jump up^ “Katy Perry – Chart history: Billboard 200”BillboardArchived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
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  54. Jump up^ “Hot n Cold”Rolling Stone. July 30, 2014. Archived from the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
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  56. Jump up^ “Hot n Cold (Single)”. Musicline. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
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  58. Jump up^ “Nederlandse Top 40 – week 01, 2009”Dutch Top 40Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 27,2014.
  59. Jump up^ “Katy Perry — Hot N Cold”Ö3 Austria Top 40Archivedfrom the original on August 30, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  60. Jump up^ “Thinking of You”Rolling Stone. July 30, 2014. Archivedfrom the original on July 7, 2015. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  61. Jump up^ “Waking Up in Vegas”Rolling Stone. July 30, 2014. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
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  63. Jump up^ “Katy Perry on Warped 2008: Mosh Pits, Injuries and Andrew WK”Rolling Stone. August 25, 2008. Archived from the original on May 1, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  64. Jump up^ Kaufman, Gil (November 7, 2008). “Americans Katy Perry, Britney Spears, Kanye West, 30 Seconds To Mars Dominate 2008 MTV EMAs”. MTV News. Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  65. Jump up to:a b “Brit Awards 2009: Full list of winners”The Daily Telegraph. February 18, 2009. Archived from the original on July 12, 2015. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  66. Jump up to:a b Hudson 2012, p. 83
  67. Jump up^ Ching, Albert (August 5, 2009). “Last Night: No Doubt, Katy Perry, the Sounds at Verizon Wireless Amphitheater”OC WeeklyArchived from the original on May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  68. Jump up^ “MTV EMAs Host Katy Perry Brings ‘Cabaret’ To Berlin”. MTV. October 1, 2009. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
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  70. Jump up^ Montgomery, James (October 12, 2009). “Katy Perry’s MTV Unplugged Album Will Feature Two New Songs”. MTV News. Archived from the original on May 2, 2014. Retrieved April 28,2014.
  71. Jump up^ “Starstrukk (feat. Katy Perry)”. iTunes Store. September 14, 2009. Archived from the original on September 8, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
  72. Jump up^ “If We Ever Meet Again”Rolling Stone. July 30, 2014. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  73. Jump up^ “Video: Timbaland f/ Katy Perry – ‘If We Ever Meet Again'”Rap-Up. January 18, 2010. Archived from the original on January 22, 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
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  75. Jump up^ “Katy Perry And Travis Split”. MTV News. January 5, 2009. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  76. Jump up^ Vena, Jocelyn (June 4, 2010). “Katy Perry Explains Why She Was Cut From ‘Get Him to the Greek'”. MTV News. Archived from the original on May 2, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  77. Jump up^ Ziegbe, Mawuse (September 4, 2010). “Katy Perry, Russell Brand’s Love Story Began at the VMAs”. MTV News. Archived from the original on May 2, 2014. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
  78. Jump up^ Heldman, Breanne L. (January 6, 2010). “Katy Perry and Russell Brand Engaged in India”E!Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
  79. Jump up^ Barrett, Annie (January 27, 2010). “‘American Idol’: The Kara vs. Katy Lifetime movie”Entertainment WeeklyArchivedfrom the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  80. Jump up^ Montgomery, James (May 7, 2010). “Katy Perry Debuts New Single ‘California Gurls'”. MTV News. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  81. Jump up^ Details on “California Gurls”:
  82. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Hits Dublin For X Factor Auditions”. MTV News. June 28, 2010. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
  83. Jump up^ Greenblatt, Leah (July 22, 2010). “Katy Perry’s new single ‘Teenage Dream’ hits the web”Entertainment WeeklyArchived from the original on November 9, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  84. Jump up^ Pietroluongo, Silvio (September 8, 2010). “Katy Perry’s ‘Teenage Dream’ Dethrones Eminem on Hot 100”BillboardArchived from the original on September 8, 2014. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  85. Jump up^ Vena, Jocelyn (May 11, 2010). “Katy Perry To Release Teenage Dream On August 24”. MTV News. Archived from the original on September 11, 2014. Retrieved September 10,2014.
  86. Jump up^ Caulfield, Keith (October 23, 2013). “Katy Perry’s ‘Prism’ Set for No. 1 Debut on Billboard 200 Chart”BillboardArchivedfrom the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved March 15,2014.
  87. Jump up^ Teenage Dream by Katy Perry”. Metacritic. Archivedfrom the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved March 15,2014.
  88. Jump up^ Michaels, Sean (July 30, 2013). “Katy Perry announces new album, Prism, on side of golden lorry”The GuardianArchived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
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  90. Jump up^ Semigran, Aly (February 8, 2011). “Glee Sets ‘Firework’ Apart From ‘Silly Love Songs'”. MTV News. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
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  92. Jump up^ Wete, Brad (February 16, 2011). “Kanye West abducts Katy Perry on singer’s new single, ‘E.T'”Entertainment WeeklyArchived from the original on October 14, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  93. Jump up^ Trust, Gary (March 30, 2011). “Katy Perry’s ‘E.T.’ Rockets To No. 1 on Hot 100”BillboardArchived from the original on May 8, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2011.
  94. Jump up^ “FMQB: Radio Industry News, Music Industry Updates, Nielsen Ratings, Music News and more!”FMQB. June 6, 2011. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
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  96. Jump up^ Nordyke, Kimberly (November 20, 2011). “AMAs 2011: Katy Perry Surprised With Special Achievement Award”The Hollywood ReporterArchived from the original on February 17, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
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  101. Jump up^ Loynes, Anna. “The Nielsen Company & Billboard’s 2011 Music Industry Report”Business WireArchived from the original on January 6, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
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  103. Jump up^ Trust, Gary (February 22, 2012). “Katy Perry’s ‘Part of Me’ Debuts Atop Hot 100”Billboard. Retrieved November 12,2017.
  104. Jump up^ “Teenage Dream: The Complete Confection”. iTunes Store. March 23, 2012. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  105. Jump up^ “Top 40/M Future Releases”. All Access. Archived from the original on May 21, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
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  108. Jump up^ “Top 25 Worldwide Tours (01/01/2011 – 12/31/2011)” (PDF). Pollstar. December 28, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF)on December 29, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
  109. Jump up^ Vena, Jocelyn (November 7, 2011). “Justin Bieber Parties With Selena Gomez, LMFAO After MTV EMA”. MTV News. Archived from the original on January 25, 2016. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  110. Jump up^ “Rock in Rio 2011: A hora e a vez do pop”Jornal da Cidade de Bauru (in Portuguese). September 26, 2011. Archived from the original on October 11, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
  111. Jump up^ Getler, Michael (September 24, 2010). “Was This Show a Must or a Bust(ier)?”PBSArchived from the original on May 2, 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  112. Jump up^ “Katy Perry mocks Sesame Street ban”Capital FMArchived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  113. Jump up^ Kaufman, Gil (September 27, 2010). “Katy Perry to appear on ‘The Simpsons’ in December”. MTV News. Archived from the original on November 7, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  114. Jump up^ Snierson, Dan (September 25, 2010). “Katy Perry to guest star on ‘The Simpsons’! Here’s your exclusive first look”Entertainment WeeklyArchived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  115. Jump up^ Tucker, Ken (February 7, 2011). “How I Met Your Mother: ‘Oh Honey'”Entertainment WeeklyArchived from the original on August 15, 2011. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  116. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Wins Five People’s Choice Awards Including Fave Guest Star for ‘How I Met Your Mother'”The Hollywood Reporter. January 11, 2012. Archived from the original on September 8, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  117. Jump up^ “The Smurfs (2011)”Box Office MojoArchived from the original on November 4, 2011. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  118. Jump up^ “The Smurfs”Rotten TomatoesArchived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  119. Jump up^ Rutherford, Keith (December 11, 2011). “Katy Perry Hosts ‘SNL’: The Hits & Misses, Including a Florence Welch Spoof”BillboardArchived from the original on August 21, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  120. Jump up^ Moraski, Lauren (February 22, 2012). “Katy Perry to portray a prison attendant on ‘Raising Hope'”CBS NewsArchivedfrom the original on August 13, 2014. Retrieved February 25,2014.
  121. Jump up^ Gleiberman, Owen (August 14, 2012). “Katy Perry: Part Of Me”Entertainment WeeklyArchived from the original on August 26, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
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  124. Jump up^ “Katy Perry: Part of Me”. Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  125. Jump up^ Howard, Hilary (November 17, 2010). “Beauty Spots”The New York TimesArchived from the original on September 8, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  126. Jump up^ Moraski, Lauren (February 1, 2012). “Katy Perry to perform at Grammy Awards”. CBS News. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  127. Jump up^ Sweeney, Mark (January 17, 2012). “Katy Perry becomes a Sim”The GuardianArchived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
  128. Jump up^ “The Sims 3 Katy Perry’s Sweet Treats”Electronic Arts. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  129. Jump up^ Donnelly, Matt (July 25, 2012). “First Look: Katy Perry joins Popchips as its face, an investor”Los Angeles TimesArchived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
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  131. Jump up^ Ganguly, Prithwish (October 26, 2010). “Katy affirms Brand loyalty”The Times of IndiaArchived from the original on October 28, 2010. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
  132. Jump up^ Freydkin, Donna (December 30, 2011). “Russell Brand, Katy Perry call it quits”USA TodayArchived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
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  137. Jump up^ Heller, Jill (September 30, 2013). “Katy Perry Contemplated Suicide After Divorcing Russell Brand, Says Split Was A ‘Dark Time'”International Business TimesArchived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
  138. Jump up^ “Katy Perry says Russell Brand texted his desire to divorce”United Press International. June 18, 2013. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
  139. Jump up^ “John Mayer Dedicates Song to Katy Perry During Tour Opener”Billboard. July 8, 2013. Archived from the original on July 12, 2013. Retrieved July 11, 2013.
  140. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Won’t Rush New Album: “I Know Exactly The Record I Want To Make Next””. Capital FM. December 1, 2012. Archived from the original on April 22, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  141. Jump up^ “Katy Perry inspired by Madonna”. MTV News. June 29, 2012. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  142. Jump up^ Garibaldi, Christina (August 27, 2013). “Katy Perry ‘Lets the Light In’ On Prism. MTV News. Archived from the original on August 28, 2013. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  143. Jump up^ Caulfield, Keith (August 10, 2013). “Katy Perry’s ‘Roar’ Arrives Early: Listen”BillboardArchived from the original on June 20, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  144. Jump up^ Wickman, Kase (August 26, 2013). “Katy Perry Makes Brooklyn ‘Roar’ With Epic VMA Finale”. MTV News. Archived from the original on May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  145. Jump up^ Trust, Gary (September 4, 2013). “Katy Perry Dethrones Robin Thicke Atop Hot 100”BillboardArchived from the original on September 6, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  146. Jump up^ Benjamin, Jeff (October 16, 2013). “Katy Perry Wails on New Single “Unconditionally””FuseArchived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
  147. Jump up^ Trust, Gary (February 17, 2014). “Ask Billboard: Katy Perry Regains No. 1 Momentum”BillboardArchived from the original on October 11, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
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  149. Jump up^ Prism by Katy Perry”. Metacritic. Archived from the original on December 9, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
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  152. Jump up^ “Dark Horse (feat. Juicy J)”Rolling Stone. July 30, 2014. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
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  154. Jump up^ Wass, Mike (June 7, 2017). “Should Have Been Bigger: Katy Perry’s “Birthday””Idolator. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
  155. Jump up^ Strecker, Erin (July 24, 2014). “Katy Perry Releases Lyric Video For New Single ‘This Is How We Do'”BillboardArchived from the original on July 27, 2014. Retrieved July 24,2014.
  156. Jump up^ Lipshutz, Jason (February 26, 2014). “Katy Perry & John Mayer Break Up: Report”BillboardArchived from the original on March 2, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  157. Jump up^ Malkin, Marc (March 31, 2014). “Katy Perry After John Mayer: New Hair, New Tour, New Very Expensive Hobby”. E!. Archived from the original on March 31, 2014. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
  158. Jump up^ “Who You Love” with John Mayer:
  159. Jump up^ The tour earned $153.3 million on 1,407,972 tickets in 2014 and $51 million on 576,531 tickets in 2015.
  160. Jump up^ Hampp, Andrew (November 20, 2014). “One Direction, Lionel Richie & Katy Perry Win at Billboard Touring Awards”Archived from the original on November 15, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
  161. Jump up^ Leopold, Todd (September 30, 2015). “Katy Perry kissed by a girl – too much”. CNN. Archived from the original on October 27, 2015. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  162. Jump up^ “Katy Perry confirmed to perform at Super Bowl halftime show”. CBS News. November 23, 2014. Archived from the original on November 24, 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
  163. Jump up^ Lipshutz, Jason (February 1, 2015). “Katy Perry Shines During Super Bowl XLIX Halftime Show”BillboardArchivedfrom the original on February 3, 2015. Retrieved February 1,2015.
  164. Jump up^ Dresdale, Andrea (February 7, 2016). “Super Bowl 2016: A History of Halftime Performances”. ABC News. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
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  167. Jump up^ “RIAA Crowns Katy Perry Top Certified Digital Artist Ever”Recording Industry Association of America. June 26, 2014. Archived from the original on July 13, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  168. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Becomes the RIAA’s All-Time Top Digital Artist”Billboard. June 26, 2014. Archived from the original on June 28, 2014. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
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  170. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Added to US National Portrait Gallery”Billboard. May 21, 2014. Archived from the original on May 25, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  171. Jump up^ Mallenbaum, Carly (November 23, 2015). “Katy Perry debuts new ‘Holiday’ song in H&M commercial”USA TodayArchived from the original on November 24, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  172. Jump up^ “World Premiere: H&M Holiday Featuring Katy Perry”(Press release). H&M. November 9, 2015. Archived from the original on November 27, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  173. Jump up^ Lindner, Emilee (June 17, 2014). “Katy Perry Starts Her Own Record Label and Reveals First Signee”. MTV News. Archived from the original on June 19, 2014. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  174. Jump up^ Kaufman, Gil (July 14, 2017). “Katy Perry Really Wants You to Get ‘Together’ with Her Latest Signing, CYN”Billboard. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  175. Jump up^ “Katy Perry taped background vocals for ‘Ooh La La'”. United Press International. July 29, 2013. Archived from the original on August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
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  178. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Makes Hilarious Cameo on Kroll Show”Maxim. March 26, 2014. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
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  180. Jump up^ “Katy Perry to Guest Curate Madonna’s Art for Freedom Project”Billboard. January 7, 2014. Archived from the original on April 22, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  181. Jump up^ Linder, Emilee (June 17, 2015). “Madonna’s New Video: Here’s Every Blink-And-You-Miss-It Celeb Cameo”. MTV News. Archived from the original on June 17, 2015. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
  182. Jump up^ Kinosian, Janet (August 12, 2015). “Katy Perry hopes her Mad Potion fragrance will help you time-travel”Los Angeles TimesArchived from the original on February 20, 2016. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
  183. Jump up^ Hipes, Patrick (September 11, 2015). “‘Katy Perry: Making Of The Pepsi Super Bowl Halftime Show’ Trailer: What 118.5 Million Viewers Didn’t See”Deadline.comArchived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved September 12,2015.
  184. Jump up^ Scheck, Frank (September 17, 2015). “‘Jeremy Scott: The People’s Designer’: Film Review”The Hollywood ReporterArchived from the original on September 21, 2015. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  185. Jump up^ Bryant, Jacob (December 15, 2015). “Glu Mobile’s ‘Katy Perry Pop’ Hopes to Rival Success of ‘Kim Kardashian: Hollywood'”VarietyArchived from the original on December 25, 2015. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
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  187. Jump up^ “Grammys 2017: Katy Perry On The Meaning Behind ‘Chained To The Rhythm'”Access Hollywood. February 12, 2017. Archived from the original on May 21, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
  188. Jump up^ “NBC Olympics Features New Katy Perry Anthem “Rise””NBC Sports. July 14, 2016. Archived from the original on July 18, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
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  190. Jump up^ Carroll, Sarah (August 18, 2016). “Katy Perry Is ‘Taking Chances’ & ‘Not Rushing’ Her New Music”97.1 AMP RadioArchived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
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  193. Jump up^ Aiello, McKenna; Vulpo, Mike (March 5, 2017). “Katy Perry Opens 2017 iHeartRadio Music Awards With a Bunch of Kids and a Dancing Hamster”. E!. Archived from the original on March 6, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  194. Jump up^ “Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ” (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. April 7, 2017. Archived from the original on April 26, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  195. Jump up^ Romano, Nick (February 11, 2017). “Katy Perry’s ‘Chained to the Rhythm’ Breaks Spotify Streaming Record”Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  196. Jump up^ Tom, Lauren (April 26, 2017). “Katy Perry Unveils ‘Bon Appetit’ Single Art, Release Date & Migos Feature”BillboardArchived from the original on April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  197. Jump up^ Moore, Sam (May 19, 2017). “Listen to Katy Perry’s new song ‘Swish Swish’, featuring Nicki Minaj”NMEArchivedfrom the original on May 19, 2017. Retrieved September 1,2017.
  198. Jump up^ “Witness by Katy Perry”. Metacritic. Retrieved June 9,2017.
  199. Jump up^ Caulfield, Keith (June 18, 2017). “Katy Perry Scores Third No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart With ‘Witness'”BillboardArchived from the original on June 19, 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
  200. Jump up^ Stutz, Colin (June 9, 2017). “Katy Perry YouTube Live Stream Wraps Monday With Live Concert; James Corden, Sia & More Guests to Pop In”BillboardArchived from the original on June 10, 2017. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
  201. Jump up^ Bell, Sadie (June 15, 2017). “Katy Perry’s Witness World Wide Generated Over 49 Million Views”BillboardArchivedfrom the original on June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  202. Jump up^ Reed, Ryan (September 27, 2017). “Watch Katy Perry Sob During Therapy Session in YouTube Red Special Trailer”Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  203. Jump up^ Roth, Madeline (August 17, 2017). “Katy Perry Has Good News And Bad News About Her Witness Tour”. MTV News. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  204. Jump up^ Findlay, Mitch (June 14, 2017). “Calvin Harris Announces Single With Big Sean, Pharrell, & Katy Perry”HotNewHipHop. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  205. Jump up^ White, Jack (August 11, 2017). “Calvin Harris dethrones Despacito to claim his eighth Number 1 single”Official Charts Company. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  206. Jump up^ Doty, Meriah. “From Amanpour to Zane: All the Celebrity Cameos in ‘Zoolander 2’ (Spoilers!)”Yahoo! MoviesArchived from the original on February 23, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
  207. Jump up^ Ryan, Patrick (February 10, 2016). “Ben Stiller, Owen Wilson put ‘Zoolander’ back in fashion”USA TodayArchived from the original on February 13, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
  208. Jump up^ Mackenzie, Macaela (February 13, 2017). “Katy Perry Just Named a Shoe After Hillary Clinton”Allure. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  209. Jump up^ Roth, Madeline (July 27, 2017). “Katy Perry Is Ready To Be Your ‘Moonwoman’ As Host Of The 2017 VMAs”. MTV News. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  210. Jump up^ O’Connell, Michael (August 3, 2017). “‘American Idol’ Producer Talks Revival Salaries, New ABC Home”The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  211. Jump up^ Gelman, Vlada (September 29, 2017). “American Idol Taps Lionel Richie as Third Judge for ABC Revival”. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  212. Jump up^ “Katy Perry on the 180 That Saved Her Career”NPR. October 26, 2013. Archived from the original on February 18, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  213. Jump up^ Schneider, Marc (May 12, 2012). “Katy Perry Wants a ‘Fucking Vacation’ After Next Single”BillboardArchivedfrom the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  214. Jump up^ “Freddie Mercury inspired Katy Perry to ‘Kiss a Girl'”NME. September 26, 2008. Archived from the original on January 6, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  215. Jump up^ “Katy Perry, The Things They Say”. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  216. Jump up to:a b Wiig, Kristen (March 2, 2012). “Katy Perry”InterviewArchived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  217. Jump up to:a b c Mitchell, Gail (November 30, 2012). “Katy Perry Q&A: Billboard’s Woman of the Year 2012”BillboardArchivedfrom the original on May 8, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  218. Jump up to:a b Michaels, Sean. “Katy Perry wants to go folk acoustic – in style of Joni Mitchell”The GuardianArchived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  219. Jump up^ Dinh, James (April 6, 2012). “Katy Perry’s ‘Part of Me’ Film Inspired By Madonna”. MTV News. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  220. Jump up^ Vena, Jocelyn (June 29, 2012). “Katy Perry Inspired By Madonna For ‘Darker’ Next Album”. MTV News. Archivedfrom the original on April 10, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  221. Jump up^ Newman, Melinda (April 22, 2010). “Katy Perry dishes details on new dance-fueled album”HitFixArchived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  222. Jump up^ Ryan, Chris (March 30, 2010). “What Will Katy Perry’s New Album Sound Like? Check Out 5 Video Clues”. MTV News. Archived from the original on April 10, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
  223. Jump up^ Vena, Jocelyn (September 22, 2009). “Katy Perry wants to make new music her fans can ‘roller-stake’ to”. MTV News. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  224. Jump up^ Garland, Emma (January 10, 2017). “A Deep Dive into Katy Perry’s 2007 Myspace Page”Noisey. Vice Media. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
  225. Jump up^ “Katy Perry praises ‘really great’ Pink – Music News”Digital Spy. August 15, 2009. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  226. Jump up^ Friedlander 2012, p. 123
  227. Jump up^ “Katy Perry’s ‘California Dreams’ Tour: What the Critics Are Saying”The Hollywood Reporter. June 19, 2011. Archivedfrom the original on September 8, 2014. Retrieved August 6,2014.
  228. Jump up^ Rutherford, Kevin (October 22, 2013). “Katy Perry Reveals ‘Prism’ Influences, Adds Stripped-Down Performances at Album Release Event”BillboardArchived from the original on October 27, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  229. Jump up^ Woods, Vicki (June 2013). “Katy Perry’s First Vogue Cover”Vogue. Archived from the original on July 26, 2013. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
  230. Jump up^ Musical genres of Katy Hudson and One of the Boys:
  231. Jump up to:a b Sheffield, Rob (August 23, 2010). “Teenage Dream”Rolling StoneArchived from the original on January 25, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  232. Jump up^ Trust, Gary (September 9, 2013). “Katy Perry’s Future ‘Prism’ Hits: Industry Picks”BillboardArchived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  233. Jump up^ Heller, Corinne (May 20, 2017). “Katy Perry Reveals Meaning Behind “Swish Swish” Amid Rumors Song Is About Taylor Swift”. E!. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
  234. Jump up^ “Katy Perry’s ‘Witness’ Fails as ‘Purposeful Pop,’ But Succeeds as Future Pop”Billboard. June 13, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  235. Jump up^ Reed, James (October 20, 2013). “Perry shows many colors on ‘Prism'”The Boston GlobeArchived from the original on January 25, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
  236. Jump up^ Wallace, Amy (January 19, 2014). “Katy Perry’s GQ Profile Outtakes: Going Back to School, Dating Musicians, and Plastic Surgery”GQArchived from the original on February 24, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2014.
  237. Jump up^ Kot, Greg (October 20, 2013). “Katy Perry album review; Prism reviewed”Chicago TribuneArchived from the original on January 25, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  238. Jump up^ Pareles, Jon; Ratliff, Ben; Carmanica, Jon; Chinen, Nate (September 6, 2013). “Fall Pop Music Preview: An Abundance of Rhythms and Styles”The New York TimesArchivedfrom the original on August 11, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
  239. Jump up^ Roberts, Randall (October 22, 2013). “Review: Hits pack Katy Perry’s ‘Prism'”Los Angeles TimesArchived from the original on January 25, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  240. Jump up^ Vena, Jocelyn. “Selena Gomez ‘Had To Fight’ To Get Katy Perry Song ‘Rock God'”. MTV News. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
  241. Jump up^ When the Sun Goes Down (Media notes). Selena Gomez & the SceneHollywood Records. 2011.
  242. Jump up^ Jessie James (Media notes). Jessie JamesMercury Records/The Island Def Jam Music Group. 2009.
  243. Jump up^ All I Ever Wanted (Media notes). Kelly ClarksonRCA Records/19 Recordings. 2009.
  244. Jump up^ Castellanos, Melissa (September 26, 2008). “Second Cup Cafe: Lesley Roy”. CBS News. Archived from the original on September 8, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  245. Jump up^ Garibaldi, Christina (December 4, 2013). “Britney Spears Explains How ‘Amazing’ Katy Perry Ended Up On Britney Jean”. MTV News. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  246. Jump up^ The New Classic (Media notes). Iggy Azalea. The Island Def Jam Music Group. 2014.
  247. Jump up^ The Pinkprint (Media notes). Nicki MinajUniversal Music Group. 2014.
  248. Jump up^ Grewal, Samar (October 9, 2008). “Review: Katy Perry – One of the Boys”Rolling StoneArchived from the original on March 17, 2014. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
  249. Jump up^ Mirkin, Steven (February 1, 2009). “Review: ‘Katy Perry'”VarietyArchived from the original on March 17, 2014. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
  250. Jump up^ Clarke, Betty (October 1, 2013). “Katy Perry – review”The GuardianArchived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  251. Jump up^ Harvey, Darren (September 15, 2008). “Katy Perry – One of the Boys”musicOMHArchived from the original on January 4, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  252. Jump up^ Miller, Alex. “NME Album Reviews – Katy Perry”NMEArchived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  253. Jump up^ McNulty, Bernadette (October 1, 2013). “Katy Perry, iTunes Festival, Roundhouse, review”The Daily TelegraphArchived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  254. Jump up^ George, Kat (May 24, 2014). “Does Madonna Need Katy Perry More Than Katy Perry Needs Madonna?”ViceArchived from the original on May 27, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  255. Jump up^ “Katy Perry tops Maxim’s Hot 100 list”CNN. May 10, 2010. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  256. Jump up^ “The Hottest Women of 2013”Men’s Health. January 2013. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  257. Jump up to:a b Apodaca, Rose. “Katy Perry’s Interview – Quotes from Katy Perry”Harper’s BazaarArchived from the original on January 10, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  258. Jump up^ Larson, John (September 14, 2010). “Katy Perry // “Teenage Dream””Tacoma Weekly. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
  259. Jump up^ Menyes, Carolyn (July 12, 2012). “Katy Perry Asked to Ditch Hazardous Peppermint Bra”BillboardArchived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
  260. Jump up^ “Fashion Fireworks: Katy Perry’s Best Performance Looks”Vogue. Archived from the original on December 21, 2013. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  261. Jump up^ Lyons Powell, Hannah. “Katy Perry’s Changing Style and Fashion”GlamourArchived from the original on February 19, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  262. Jump up^ “Find Out What Influences Katy Perry’s Cute Style!”Seventeen. February 5, 2009. Archived from the original on September 8, 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  263. Jump up^ Young, Katy (October 1, 2013). “Katy Perry reveals her perfume preferences”The Daily TelegraphArchived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  264. Jump up^ Hollister, Sean (November 3, 2013). “Katy Perry passes Justin Bieber as most popular person on Twitter”The VergeArchived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  265. Jump up to:a b Grow, Kory (September 4, 2014). “Wherever They May Roam: Metallica Set Guinness World Record for Touring”Rolling StoneArchived from the original on September 5, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
  266. Jump up^ Cirisano, Tatiana (June 16, 2017). “Katy Perry Becomes First to Hit 100 Million Twitter Followers”The Hollywood ReporterArchived from the original on June 16, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  267. Jump up^ Gundersen, Edna (October 21, 2013). “Katy Perry tells how to ‘tame the social media dragon'”USA TodayArchivedfrom the original on February 5, 2014. Retrieved February 7,2014.
  268. Jump up^ “Music Fuels the Internet”. Recording Industry Association of America. January 2, 2018. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  269. Jump up^ “The 25 Most Influential People on the Internet”Time. June 26, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  270. Jump up^ Greenburg, Zack O’Malley (December 14, 2011). “The Top-Earning Women In Music 2011”ForbesArchived from the original on October 27, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
  271. Jump up^ Greenburg, Zack O’Malley (December 12, 2012). “The Top-Earning Women In Music 2012”ForbesArchived from the original on December 12, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
  272. Jump up^ Greenburg, Zack O’Malley (December 11, 2013). “The Top-Earning Women In Music 2013”ForbesArchived from the original on December 15, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  273. Jump up^ Greenburg, Zack O’Malley (November 4, 2014). “The Top-Earning Women In Music 2014”ForbesArchived from the original on November 27, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  274. Jump up^ 2015 Forbes rankings:
  275. Jump up^ Greenburg, Zack O’Malley (June 2, 2016). “Katy Perry’s Net Worth: $125 Million In 2016”ForbesArchived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  276. Jump up^ Greenburg, Zack O’Malley (November 2, 2016). “The World’s Highest-Paid Women In Music 2016”ForbesArchivedfrom the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 4,2016.
  277. Jump up^ Greenburg, Zack O’Malley (November 20, 2017). “The World’s Highest-Paid Women In Music 2017”Forbes. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  278. Jump up^ “Katy Perry teams up with UNICEF and visits children in Madagascar”UNICEFArchived from the original on April 9, 2013. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  279. Jump up^ “Katy Perry is UNICEF’s newest Goodwill Ambassador”. UNICEF. December 3, 2013. Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  280. Jump up^ Ryan, Reed (January 15, 2014). “Katy Perry Cues Up ‘Prismatic’ World Tour”Rolling StoneArchived from the original on March 31, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  281. Jump up^ “Boys Hope/Girls Hope”American Broadcasting Company. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  282. Jump up^ Trakin, Roy (June 12, 2014). “Katy Perry and Staples ‘Make Roar Happen’ to Help Support Teachers”BillboardArchived from the original on June 22, 2014. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  283. Jump up^ “UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Katy Perry meets children facing immense challenges in Viet Nam”. UNICEF. June 1, 2016. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  284. Jump up^ “2016 UNICEF Snowflake Ball to Honor UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Katy Perry and Philanthropist Moll Anderson”. UNICEF. June 23, 2016. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
  285. Jump up^ “The Keep A Breast Foundation”Keep A Breast Foundation. Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  286. Jump up^ Aguila, Justino (October 24, 2013). “Katy Perry Hosts Famous Friends, Previews Next Tour at Hollywood Bowl: Live Review”BillboardArchived from the original on June 24, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  287. Jump up^ Vena, Jocelyn. “Katy Perry, Tokio Hotel Join H&M for Fashion Against AIDS”. MTV News. Archived from the original on May 8, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  288. Jump up^ “EJAF’s 25th Annual Academy Awards Viewing Party: Sunday, February 26, 2017”Elton John AIDS Foundation. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  289. Jump up^ Myers, Alexandra (February 16, 2012). “Katy Perry donates proceeds from new single to charity”Yahoo! NewsArchived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved May 25,2014.
  290. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Celebrates Over $175K Raised for Charity on Her California Dreams Tour through Tickets-for-Charity” (PDF). Children’s Health Fund. December 8, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 23, 2015. Retrieved April 28,2014.
  291. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Asks For Charity Donations To Mark Birthday”. Channel 4. October 26, 2011. Archivedfrom the original on October 28, 2011. Retrieved November 11,2011.
  292. Jump up^ Davidson, Danica. “Sweet Treat: Katy Perry asks for Charitable Donations for her 28th Birthday”. MTV. Archivedfrom the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  293. Jump up^ Daunt, Tina (March 31, 2014). “Katy Perry, Pharrell Williams Help Raise $2.4 Million for MOCA”BillboardArchivedfrom the original on April 3, 2014. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
  294. Jump up^ “One Love Manchester: What you need to know”. BBC News. June 4, 2017. Archived from the original on June 4, 2017. Retrieved June 4, 2017.
  295. Jump up^ “High profile support: Other messages”Stonewall. November 17, 2010. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  296. Jump up^ Mapes, Jillian (October 28, 2010). “Katy Perry Dedicates Leaked ‘Firework’ Video to LGBT Campaign”BillboardArchived from the original on July 19, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  297. Jump up^ “Katy Perry talks about gay rights in interview with CGG”Do Something. November 4, 2008. Archived from the originalon October 6, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
  298. Jump up^ Hauser, Brooke (June 28, 2012). “Katy Perry Celebrates Her Independence”ParadeArchived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  299. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Accepts Hero Award From Trevor Project”. December 3, 2012. Archived from the original on July 12, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  300. Jump up^ Gardner, Chris (March 9, 2017). “Katy Perry, America Ferrera and Senator Tim Kaine Set to Appear at HRC Gala”The Hollywood ReporterArchived from the original on March 11, 2017. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
  301. Jump up^ Stampler, Laura (March 18, 2014). “Katy Perry: Maybe I am a Feminist After All”TimeArchived from the original on June 15, 2014. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  302. Jump up^ Levinson, Lauren (April 16, 2013). “Watch: Beyoncé, Blake Lively, Katy Perry, and More Unite in Chime for Change Video”ElleArchived from the original on June 30, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  303. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Talks Body Image, Fame, and Politics in Rolling Stone Cover Story”Rolling Stone. June 22, 2011. Archivedfrom the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved February 16,2014.
  304. Jump up^ “An Open Letter to Congress from the Music Industry”Billboard. June 23, 2016. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
  305. Jump up^ Porter, Amber (October 8, 2012). “Katy Perry Nails it for Obama”. ABC News. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
  306. Jump up^ Strecker, Erin (November 1, 2012). “Katy Perry performing another free concert at Obama rally”Entertainment WeeklyArchived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
  307. Jump up^ Strecker, Erin. “Katy Perry performs at third President Obama rally in Wisconsin”Entertainment WeeklyArchived from the original on February 5, 2014. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  308. Jump up^ Nessif, Bruna (November 5, 2012). “K2012 Election: Katy Perry, George Lopez, Rashida Jones, and More Take to Twitter to Get Out the Vote”. E!. Archived from the original on April 25, 2014. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  309. Jump up^ “Katy Perry confronts Tony Abbott on gay marriage”The Daily Telegraph. August 15, 2013. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  310. Jump up^ Schwiegershausen, Erica (April 9, 2014). “Katy Perry Exposed a Springy Strip of Upper Belly”New YorkArchived from the original on April 11, 2014. Retrieved April 9,2014.
  311. Jump up^ “Katy Perry’s Fundraiser For Kamala Harris”W. November 6, 2016. Archived from the original on November 11, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  312. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Offers to Write Hillary Clinton Campaign Theme Song”The Hollywood Reporter. June 22, 2014. Archivedfrom the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved August 21,2015.
  313. Jump up^ Todd, Bridget (June 13, 2015). “Celebs show they are ready for Hillary by embracing her logo”MSNBCArchived from the original on August 16, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
  314. Jump up^ Claiborne, Matthew (March 3, 2016). “Katy Perry, Elton John Perform at Hillary Clinton Fundraiser In New York”. ABC News. Archived from the original on June 10, 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  315. Jump up^ Grant, Sarah (July 28, 2016). “Watch Katy Perry ‘Rise’ and ‘Roar’ for Hillary Clinton at DNC”Rolling StoneArchivedfrom the original on July 30, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
  316. Jump up^ American Music Awards for Katy Perry:
  317. Jump up^ People’s Choice Awards for Katy Perry:
  318. Jump up^ Trust, Gary (May 12, 2011). “Katy Perry Celebrates Year in Hot 100’s Top 10”BillboardArchived from the original on May 12, 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
  319. Jump up^ Murray, Gordon (July 13, 2017). “Another One in the Basket: Katy Perry Nets 18th Club No. 1 With ‘Swish Swish'”Billboard. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  320. Jump up^ “Greatest of All Time Top Dance Club Artists”Billboard. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  321. Jump up^ “Greatest of All Time Pop Songs Artists”Billboard. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  322. Jump up^ “Greatest of All Time Billboard 200 Albums by Women”Billboard. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  323. Jump up^ “Greatest of All Time Hot 100 Songs”Billboard. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  324. Jump up^ “Greatest of All Time Hot 100 Songs by Women”Billboard. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  325. Jump up^ Strecker, Erin (June 10, 2015). “Katy Perry’s ‘Dark Horse’ Passes 1 Billion Vevo Views”BillboardArchived from the original on June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  326. Jump up^ Kaufman, Gil (June 9, 2015). “Katy Perry Just Beat Taylor Swift To A Huge Milestone”. MTV News. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  327. Jump up^ “Katy Perry’s ‘Roar’ Video Surpasses 1 Billion Vevo Views”iHeartRadio. July 10, 2015. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  328. Jump up^ “Top Artists (Digital Singles)”. Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on January 26, 2016. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
  329. Jump up^ “Katy Perry Makes Gold & Platinum History”. Recording Industry Association of America. June 21, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  330. Jump up^ Grein, Paul (May 21, 2014). “MJ Makes Hot 100 History”. Yahoo! Music. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  331. Jump up^ “The Wild World of User Generated Content and Streaming”. Association of Independent Music Publishers. November 15, 2012. Archived from the original on August 6, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  332. Jump up^ Adejobi, Alicia (September 13, 2016). “How Katy Perry became the most-followed celebrity on Twitter with 92.7 million fans”International Business TimesArchived from the original on September 14, 2016. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
  333. Jump up^ McIntyre, Hugh (July 1, 2016). “Katy Perry Just Hit 90 Million Twitter Followers. Is 100 Million Coming Soon?”ForbesArchived from the original on July 1, 2016. Retrieved July 2,2016.


External links